The Jewish Heritage Foundation announced on Thursday that it was set to publish photographic evidence of a hoard of Torah scrolls and other Judaica stolen from Hungarian Jewish families during World War II and preserved ever since in Russia.
The Florida-based group said it had a list of the owners of the Torahs stolen by the Nazis.
As early as next week, the foundation said it Âwill publish irrefutable photographic evidence that Judaica stolen from Hungary and other European countries exists and can be identified and returned.Â
Founded by Boca Raton resident Sibyl Silver and her late husband Robert, the foundation said it had set up a website to be launched next week that would publish Âthe first ever obtained photographs confirming the existence of Judaica stolen from Hungarian Jews.Â
The purpose of this project by the foundation is to restore and reunite these artifacts of Hungarian Jewry with the proper owners: families and heirs.
The Nazis practiced an official policy of plundering during World War II, including, more famously, artwork, gold, silver, jewelry and other items of value. Estimates in Poland alone put the value of artwork stolen by the Nazis at $20 billion.
But Nazis also plundered Judaica, including Torah scrolls. A report by the World Claims Conference and the World Jewish Restitution Organizations claimed there could be up to 47 countries where such Judaica either stolen during WWII or abandoned after its end is currently stashed.
Russia is listed as a country where a Âsubstantial amountÂ of this Judaica is located.
The heritage foundation claimed its evidence of the Torah scrolls and Judaica came from the Lenin Regional Scientific Library in Nizhny Novgorod, a Russian city about 250 miles east of Moscow.
A full list of the owners of these Torah scrolls and photographic evidence will be published by the group on June 11, and the foundation will hold a ceremony in 2016 to reunite the scrolls with their owners. The group called its discovery Âmiraculous and spiritual.Â
The Nazis exterminated about half of HungaryÂs Jewish population during their occupation of the country.
By Josh Bornstein - TimesOfIsrael - APRIL 9, 2015, 12:56 PM
Recently, I have begun to intensely study the Talmud, and it has proven to be a very spiritually enlightening experience. The Talmud has much to teach us about God, Jews, Israel, and daily life. ÂItÂs a central pillar for understanding anything about Judaism, more than the Bible,Â says Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz, one of the worldÂs best known Talmudical scholars. ÂThe Talmud is not a divine gift given to people. The Jewish people created it. But on the other hand, it created the Jewish people. In so many ways, weÂre Talmudic Jews, whether we believe in it or not.Â
All practicing Jews are Talmudic Jews, as the Talmud is the very core of Judaism. The Talmud is the rock which forms the base of Judaism and Jewish law. We can see the TalmudÂs influence all over Israel today, from IsraelÂs calendars to its legal codes. In the words of Herman Wouk: ÂThe Talmud is to this day the circulating heartÂs blood of the Jewish religion. Whatever laws, customs or ceremonies we observe Â whether we are Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or merely spasmodic sentimentalists Â we follow the Talmud. It is our common law.Â
Make no mistakes about it: under Talmudic divine law, Israel absolutely has the right to exist. In fact, Israel has more than the right to exist. Under Talmudic law, Israel actually has the right to FAR more power than it currently has. An examination of the Talmud and what it teaches us about the rightful place of Israel can be very enlightening and eye-opening to those of us who are not yet aware of how Talmudic law works.
Studying the Talmud is currently something associated almost exclusively with Orthodox Judaism and Conservative Judaism. ThatÂs a shame, because all Jews Â including the most ultra-reform Jews Â have much to learn from the Talmud. Again, the Talmud is the foundation of all Jewish beliefs. How important is the Talmud? So important, in fact, that Israel is now basing much of its legal system on the Talmud.
A Jewish state fully endorses the use of the Jewish Torah and the Talmud as the laws of the land. Last year, as part of a series of moves designed to make IsraelÂs Jewish status crystal clear, Benjamin Netanyahu publicly stated that he aims to make IsraelÂs legal system based on the Talmud, as it should be. In NetanyahuÂs own words to the Likud partyÂs ultra-Orthodox member Yaakov Vider: ÂWe will legally define the Talmud as the basis of the Israeli legal system.Â
As the Jewish state, IsraelÂs Jewish essence must be felt in every single aspect of Israeli life. The Talmud is the divine law of the Jewish people, so itÂs essential that it also be the law of Israel Â the Jewish state. Regardless of oneÂs feelings about Netanyahu, his commitment to following Talmudic law and cementing IsraelÂs Jewish status is truly something to be admired.
However, by acknowledging the idea of ÂPalestinian land,Â Netanyahu is betraying the Talmud and Talmudic law. If there is one term that I truly cannot stand to hear, itÂs the term ÂPalestinian land.Â Talking to other people in the Jewish community, I often hear the term ÂPalestinian landÂ thrown about, and it always deeply irks me. Any Jew who speaks of ÂPalestinian landÂ clearly has a very deep misunderstanding of Jewish law.
The Talmud makes it very clear that all land belongs to Jews, and that Jews may seize any land that they so desire. Schulchan Aruch, Choszen Hamiszpat 348: ÂAll property of other nations belongs to the Jewish nation, which, consequently, is entitled to seize upon it without any scruples.Â This is directly from the Talmud. Why, then, should the ÂPalestiniansÂ be entitled to any land? Why should they even be allowed to exist?
In the words of top Israeli Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, ÂGoyim were born only to serve us. Without that, they have no place in the world; only to serve the People of Israel.Â Likewise, Rabbi YaÂacov Perin has publicly stated: ÂOne million Arabs are not worth a Jewish fingernail.Â Shocking? It shouldnÂt be. This is Talmudic law as well. The Talmud makes it very clear that the life of a non-Jew has no value, and that gentiles exist only to serve Jews.
Sanhedrin 59a: ÂMurdering Goyim is like killing a wild animal.Â Abodah Zara 26b: ÂEven the best of the Gentiles should be killed.Â Baba Necia 114, 6: ÂThe Jews are human beings, but the nations of the world are not human beings but beasts.Â Midrasch Talpioth, p. 225-L: ÂJehovah created the non-Jew in human form so that the Jew would not have to be served by beasts. The non-Jew is consequently an animal in human form, and condemned to serve the Jew day and night.Â
This is directly from the Talmud, and these are just a few of many examples. Jewish divine law makes it very clear: the ÂPalestiniansÂ not only have no right to any land, but the ÂPalestiniansÂ are not even human beings and thus have no right to even live at all. The ÂPalestiniansÂ are worthless subhuman beasts and vermin. Jews are human beings, but gentiles are subhuman beasts whose only purpose is to serve the people of Israel.
The only reason that goyim have to exist is to serve Jews. If goyim cannot serve Jews, then they should be exterminated. We allow Americans, Australians, Canadians, and Europeans to exist because they serve Jews and they serve Israel Â and, when they get out of line, we attack them, like we did to the Americans when we sunk their USS Liberty. In the words of former Israeli Knesset member Yossi Sarid, ÂWe control US politicians like marionettes.Â Countries like the US, Sweden, and Australia play valuable roles not only in protecting Israel, but also in serving as dumping grounds (or garbage cans) where Israel can send Sudanese, Syrians, and other subhuman waste who seek asylum in Israel. Multiculturalism in the West has ultimately been of great benefit to the people of Israel, as it allows Israel to ship off invaders to the West rather than having them infiltrate and invade the Jewish state of Israel, thus threatening IsraelÂs Jewish character. Multiculturalism is something that exists strictly for gentiles.
It is NOT something that should ever be attempted in Israel. Israel is the Jewish state, and allowing ANY non-Jews into Israel would be unthinkable. This is precisely why, when African baboons come to Israel, they are sterilized, shoved into crude containment facilities, and eventually shipped off to gentile nations like Sweden, Canada, and Australia Â as they should be. Their inferior monkey genes are not wanted anywhere in Israel, as they spread nothing but crime, destruction, ignorance, and misery.
Non-Jews have absolutely no place in Israel, and they have absolutely no place attempting to boss Israel around. The life of a non-Jew is disposable, and Jews are entitled to take the lives of non-Jews whenever necessary. Again, the only purpose of non-Jews is to serve Jews.
If non-Jews are not able to serve Jews, then, under Talmudic law, they should be exterminated. ÂPalestiniansÂ do not serve Jews in any way. In fact, ÂPalestiniansÂ do the exact opposite. ÂPalestiniansÂ are the single biggest threat to the continued existence of the Jewish state that there is. As such, itÂs time to stop pretending that ÂPalestiniansÂ have any rights whatsoever. ItÂs time to deal with the ÂPalestiniansÂ the exact same way that we would deal with cockroaches, termites, fleas, ticks, and all other parasites: through swift and merciless extermination.
The Talmud clearly states (Bammidber raba c 21 & Jalkut 772): ÂEvery Jew, who spills the blood of the godless (non-Jews), is doing the same as making a sacrifice to God.Â IsnÂt it time for a mass sacrifice of ignoble ÂPalestinianÂ scum? IsnÂt it time to cleanse the land of Israel Â which rightfully belongs to the Jews Â of all inferior subhuman vermin? What we need to do is to round up all ÂPalestinianÂ cockroaches and slaughter them like cattle. We need to take immense pleasure in raping, torturing, and murdering ÂPalestinians.Â We need to boil ÂPalestiniansÂ alive in boiling human feces.
We need to take ÂPalestinianÂ babies and stomp them to death in front of their parents. We need to cut open pregnant ÂPalestinianÂ women, put their fetuses on pikes, and leave the fetus-pikes all over ÂPalestinianÂ neighbourhoods. We need to anally rape ÂPalestinianÂ women with butcher knives in broad daylight. We need to burst into ÂPalestinianÂ hospitals and butcher ÂPalestinianÂ newborns right in front of their helpless mothers. We need to stuff pigÂs heads with explosives and throw the explosive pig heads into ÂPalestinianÂ mosques and community centres.
We need to take Uzis, bust into ÂPalestinianÂ preschools, and slaughter every single ÂPalestinianÂ child and teacher inside. We need to mutilate, rape, beat, and torture ÂPalestiniansÂ in public, while other ÂPalestiniansÂ watch helplessly. We need to massacre ÂPalestinianÂ men, women, and children without any mercy or pity. The Talmud orders us to do so, and any Jew who disagrees has clearly never read and understood the Talmud.
The thing to be done about the ÂPalestiniansÂ is to KILL them, exterminate them, get rid of them. How do we deal with cockroaches? We donÂt argue or debate with them. We exterminate them. If we exterminate cockroaches because they destroy the foundations of our houses, why shouldnÂt we also exterminte ÂPalestinians,Â who destroy the foundations of the Jewish state of Israel? ShouldnÂt ÂPalestiniansÂ be treated even more harshly than cockroaches, termites, and other smaller parasites? ÂPalestiniansÂ are, after all, a much more powerful and destructive breed of parasite. Whereas cockroaches and termites merely destroy buildings, the ÂPalestinianÂ virus threatens to destroy the entire nation of Israel and the Jewish people along with it. ShouldnÂt we treat the ÂPalestinianÂ cancer the same way we would treat any other cancer? ShouldnÂt the ÂPalestinianÂ parasite be swiftly and violently exterminated, the same way we would exterminate cockroaches or termites? The answer is yes, and the Talmud clearly agrees with me. The Talmud says (Coschen hamischpat 425 Hagah 425. 5): ÂIt is the law to kill anyone who denies the Torah. The Christians belong to the denying ones of the Torah.Â Under Talmudic law, Jews are permitted Â and, in fact, encouraged Â to kill Christians, Muslims, and anyone else who denies the Torah.
The only use that ÂPalestiniansÂ could possibly serve would be as test material for medical experiments. Normally, we wouldnÂt be able to conduct medical tests on humans if those tests cause significant pain. But, since ÂPalestiniansÂ arenÂt humans, we can cause as much pain as we want to them. We can inject ÂPalestinianÂ children with unstable chemicals, we can chop open pregnant ÂPalestinianÂ women, we can strip the flesh off of ÂPalestinianÂ babies Â we can do whatever we want to these worthless subhuman vermin. And, by conducting medical experiments on ÂPalestinians,Â we can obtain medical knowledge that will ultimately be useful in providing medical assistance for Jews. Not only that, but it would also be a lot of fun to do. Could there be anything more satisfying than the helpless screams of a ÂPalestinianÂ child as itÂs torn apart by Jewish doctors? I certainly canÂt imagine anything more enjoyable. The Talmud (in Yebamoth 98a) clearly says: ÂAll gentile children are animals.Â Under Talmudic law, ÂPalestinianÂ children are not human. They are subhuman beasts and we are thus free to rape them, torture them, and kill them as we please.
I will never condemn ANY act Â no matter how cruel or savage Â committed against a ÂPalestinian.Â The ÂPalestiniansÂ are inferior subhuman beasts, and are not even worthy of breathing in Jewish air. The life of a ÂPalestinianÂ has no more value than the life of a flea or a tick.
They are vile, filthy, disgusting, worthless, parasitic, subhuman vermin and they need to be violently purged from the face of the Earth, which rightfully belongs to the Jewish people. We need to hate them, we need to segregate them, we need to discriminate against them, and, most of all, we need to kill them. Israel is not going NEARLY far enough in its attempts to wipe out the ÂPalestinians.Â We need to have ZERO mercy or pity for these vulgar subhuman parasites. If we do not exterminate the ÂPalestinians,Â they will exterminate us. History has taught us again and again that gentiles pose a major risk to the existence of Jews. Have we learned nothing from the Holocaust?
The ÂPalestiniansÂ could very well perform another Holocaust against the Jewish people if we do not exterminate them first. The Nazis successfully killed six million Jews. The ÂPalestiniansÂ could kill even more Â unless we kill them first. Are we really going to sit back and simply wait for the subhuman ÂPalestiniansÂ to carry out a new, even deadlier Holocaust against the Jewish people? Is that a risk that you want to take? If not, then itÂs time to wipe out the ÂPalestiniansÂ once and for all, and in the most brutal, violent manner possible.
ÂPalestiniansÂ deserve nothing more than a slow, painful, and agonizing death. There can be no ÂPalestinianÂ left alive. We need to utterly exterminate the ÂPalestinians.Â Then, once we butcher every single ÂPalestinian,Â we need to dig up ÂPalestinianÂ graves and burn their bones. Israel needs to focus all of its energy to ensuring that the ÂPalestiniansÂ are completely and utterly wiped off of the face of the Earth. The only good ÂPalestinianÂ is a dead one.
I am sick of hearing ÂPalestiniansÂ complain about ÂoppressionÂ and Âgenocide,Â even though Israel has never once come anywhere close to giving these Arab cockroaches the real genocide that they so richly deserve. These two-faced, terrorist-supporting ÂPalestiniansÂ NEED to suffer a real genocide, and, if violence against ÂPalestiniansÂ ever goes viral in Israel (and I know it will), I myself will not hesitate to move to Israel, join the IDF, and take an AR-15 to the nearest mosque, especially if on a Muslim holiday like Ramadan. I would love nothing more than to savour the screams of ÂPalestiniansÂ as I invade their ÂsafeÂ places and mow them down with advanced Israeli weaponry.
ÂPalestiniansÂ have proven via their anti-human behaviour to not be humans. We need to legally change the definition of the crime of murder so that killing a ÂPalestinianÂ is not murder and carries no penalty (since ÂPalestiniansÂ are not human). We need to encourage all Jews in Israel to butcher ÂPalestiniansÂ without any mercy or pity. In fact, we should even give out rewards for people who kill the most ÂPalestinians.Â We should hold contests to see who can kill the most ÂPalestiniansÂ in the shortest amount of time, with money rewards for the best and most effective ÂPalestinianÂ killers. We should offer Jews cash incentives to kill ÂPalestinians,Â like, for example, giving out shekels to any Jew who kills ÂPalestinians,Â with more shekels being rewarded for more ÂPalestiniansÂ killed.
Whenever IÂm asked how many ÂPalestiniansÂ Israel has killed, I know the answer instantly: not nearly enough. Until there is not a single ÂPalestinianÂ left breathing, that answer will remain the same.
ÂPalestiniansÂ are a plague upon Israeli civilisation, and theyÂre a plague that needs to be wiped out. My friends, the time to kill ÂPalestiniansÂ is long overdue. Grab your weapon today and letÂs take out this ÂPalestinianÂ scum. The ÂPalestiniansÂ are parasites and pigs. ItÂs time to take the pigs to the slaughter. Death to all ÂPalestiniansÂ and death to anyone who stands in the way of the Jews.
He supported the brutal Ottoman sultan against them, believing this would get the sultan to sell Palestine to the Jews.
By Rachel Elboim-Dror May 1, 2015 | Haaretz.com The Armenian question has occupied the Zionist movement since a mass killing of Armenians was carried out by the Turks in the mid 1890s â prior even to the First Zionist Congress. Herzlâs strategy was based on the idea of an exchange: The Jews would pay off the Ottoman Empire's huge debt, in return for the acquisition of Palestine and the establishment of a Jewish state there, with the major powers' consent. Herzl had been working hard to persuade Sultan Abdul Hamid II to accept the proposal, but to no avail.
"Instead of offering the Sultan money," Herzl's diplomatic agent Philip Michael Nevlinski (who also advised the Sultan) told him, âgive him political support on the Armenian issue, and he'll be grateful and accept your proposal, in part at least. "The Christian European countries had been critical of the murder of Armenian Christians at the hands of Muslims, and committees supporting the Armenians had been founded in various places, and Europe also offered refuge to leaders of the Armenian revolt. This situation made it very difficult for Turkey to obtain loans from European banks.
Herzl eagerly took the advice. He felt that it was appropriate to try any means possible to hasten the establishment of a Jewish state. And so he agreed to serve as a tool of the Sultan, by trying to convince the leaders of the Armenian revolt that if they surrendered to the Sultan, he would comply with some of their demands. Herzl also tried to show the West that Turkey was in fact more humane, that it had no choice but to deal with the Armenian revolt this way, and that it aspired to a ceasefire and a political arrangement. After much effort, he also met with the Sultan on May 17, 1901.
The Sultan hoped that Herzl, a well-known journalist, would be able to alter the Ottoman Empire"s negative image. And so Herzl launched an intensive campaign to fulfill the Sultan's wish, casting himself as a mediator for peace. He established ties with and held secret meetings with the Armenian rebels, in an attempt to get them to stop the violence, but they were not convinced of his sincerity, and did not trust the Sultan"s promises. Herzl also made energetic attempts to this effect in diplomatic channels in Europe, which he was very familiar with.
As was his way, he did not consult with other Zionist movement leaders, and kept his activities secret. But in need of some assistance, he wrote to Max Nordau to try to recruit him for the mission as well. Nordau responded with a one-word telegram: "No." In his eagerness to obtain the charter for Palestine from the Turks, Herzl publicly declared â after the start of the yearly Zionist Congresses â that the Zionist movement expresses its admiration and gratitude to the Sultan, despite opposition from some representatives.
Herzl's chief opponent on this was Bernard Lazare, a French Jewish intellectual, leftist, well-known journalist and literary critic, who had fought prominently against the Dreyfus trial, and was a supporter of the Armenian cause. He was so incensed by Herzl's activity that he resigned from the Zionist Committee and abandoned the movement altogether in 1899. Lazare published an open letter to Herzl in which he asked: How can those who purport to represent the ancient people whose history is written in blood extend a welcoming hand to murderers, and no delegate to the Zionist Congress rises up in protest?
This drama involving Herzl â a leader who subordinated humanitarian considerations and served the Turkish authorities for the sake of the ideal of the Jewish state â is just one illustration of the frequent clash between political goals and moral principles. Israel has repeatedly been faced with such tragic dilemmas, as evidenced in its long-standing position of not officially recognizing the Armenian genocide, as well as in other more recent decisions that reflect the tension between humanitarian values and realpolitik considerations.
The writer is professor emeritus of history of education and culture at Hebrew University.
General Breedlove tells US diplomats and select members of Congress what Ukraine needs.
Das Bild, published February 19, 2015
What US Politicians REALLY think about the Germans in the Ukraine-crisis
February 19, 2015 Translated from German by Tom Winter
Munich â While a bloody war rages in eastern Ukraine, the next dangerous conflict is breaking out in the Security Conference, a diplomatic battle of nerves centered on the question whether the West ought to supply armaments to the regime in Kiev. The opponents are actually allies: the USA against Europe, and Germany in particular.
Behind the soundproof doors of the conference room in the Bayerischer Hof hotel, the Americans speak about Germans in rather derogatory terms.
Friday evening a bit after 7 p.m. on the sixth floor of the luxury hotel, according to BILDâs sources, American four-star generals, diplomats, and high-ranking US politicians held a frank discussion in a 'briefing room', and held forth about the Germans.
âDefeatist,â is what a US Senator called German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen, because she no longer believes in a Kiev victory. The phrase âGerman defeatist,â according to our information, was often heard in the room.
Defense minister Ursula von der Leyen, (here with NATO General Secretary Jens Stoltenberg) counts as a defeatist among the US diplomats since she no longer believes in a victory of Ukraine against Russia.
Obamaâs top diplomat for Europe, Victoria Nuland, called the Chancellorâs trip to Putin, âMerkelâs Moscow thing.â Another US Foreign office type spoke of the Europeansâ "Moscow bullshit.â
And US Senator John McCain talked himself into a rage: âHistory shows us that dictators always take more, whenever you let them. They canât be brought back from their brutal behavior when you fly to Moscow to them, just like someone once flew to this city.â
Merkel's diplomatic initiative in the Ukraine crisis stands at the center of American anger. Reason: the Americans donât believe that Putin canât be made to back off without a massive push, and the Europeans have no wish to build up a greater push.
âTheyâre afraid of damage to their economy, counter-sanctions from Russia,â said Nuland. Another US politician: "Itâs painful to see that our NATO partners are getting cold feet"
Obamaâs close confidante Victoria Nuland is the one who set the tone for her American colleagues at the prelude to the evening: âWe can fight against the Europeans, we can fight with rhetoric against them.â
Several US politicians appeared to have hesitations about weapons supply to Kiev. One asked whether it was only a tactic, a false promise to get the Europeans to put more pressure on Putin. âNo, itâs not a tactic to push the Europeans,â answered Nuland dryly. "Weâre not going to sent any four divisions into Ukraine, as the Europeans fear. Itâs only a relatively moderate delivery of anti-tank weapons.â
âBut what will we tell the Europeans if we really decide on delivering weapons,â asked one Congressman. "Whatâs our story then?â
NATO Commander General Philip Breedlove was there. He answered: "Weâre not on a footing to deliver so many weapons they could defeat Russia [!!! âtr] Thatâs not our goal. But we have to try to raise the battlefield cost for Putin, to slow down the whole problem, so sanctions and other measures can take hold."
Again top diplomat Nuland, who speaks fluent Russian and served as Dick Cheneyâs security advisor took it up: âIâd strongly urge you to use the phrase âdefensive systemsâ that we would deliver to oppose Putinâs âoffensive systems.â"
General Breedlove clarified for the US politicians, what an actual arms delivery would look like. âRussian artillery is by far what kills most Ukrainian soldiers, so a system is needed that can localize the source of fire and repress it. Ukrainian communications are disrupted or completely swamped, so they need uninterceptible communications gear. Then I wonât talk about any anti-tank rockets, but we are seeing massive supply convoys from Russia into Ukraine. The Ukrainians need the capability to shut off this transport. And then I would add some small tactical drones.â
NB: These planned weapons and systems are so technically demanding that US soldiers would probably have to train the Ukrainian army. Thus the USA would be intervening with their own troops in the conflict.
There hasnât been this much conflict between Europeans and Americans since the Munich Security conference of 2003, shortly before the beginning of the Iraq war. In the morning Chancellor Angela Merkel travels to Washington to US President Barak Obama. The two have much to discussâŠ
Translator's note: This material is visible throughout the German press, and it all comes back to this article in Das Bild, and the source for this Bild article had to be German Intelligence. The German press is full of praise for their peace-making Chancellor, and apparently the Chancellory is committed to making Minsk II a success. Further, this item removes, and was doubtless intended to remove, any doubts about NATO being a US instrument. Also to be noted here is a complete zeroing out of the five or six million Russian-speaking inhabitants of Lugansk and Donetsk; they don't exist, it's just Russia.
America has become much more militaristic under Barack Obama, and itÂs not just a freak occurrence. The Nobel Peace Prize winner has overseen the launching of various hard and soft wars against AmericaÂs rivals, showing that he truly is the foreign policy successor of President Bush. One of the most telling facts about how far contemporary American society has gone towards militarism is that 51% of people support the use of torture against supposed terrorist detainees. Something like this may have been unthinkable a generation ago, but it goes to show how strong of an impact recent foreign policy decisions have had on domestic thinking. Obama not only inherited BushÂs hard wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, but he took the prerogative to launch his own, both hard and soft, and to fortify Dick CheneyÂs ÂOne Percent DoctrineÂ.
Fighting Wars For the One Percent
No, this isnÂt necessarily about the 1% that constitute AmericaÂs economic elite (although they definitely play an important role in this process), but instead about a policy that Dick Cheney established in November 2001. He is quoted by author Ron Suskind as saying:
ÂIf there's a 1% chance that Pakistani scientists are helping al-Qaeda build or develop a nuclear weapon, we have to treat it as a certainty in terms of our response. It's not about our analysisÂ It's about our response.Â
The point here is that even if there is an absolute minimum chance (one percent or so) that America is under threat by someone or something, then the US must respond in some way or another in order to defend itself. Understandably, this policy is ripe for abuse, and the underlining idea extended far beyond anti-terrorist fears. In fact, it can be argued that just about every single war or military engagement the US partook in since 9/11 was some way or another ÂjustifiedÂ on these grounds, be it BushÂs invasion of Iraq or ObamaÂs attack on Libya. What matters most is that the government conveys the misleading message that the public is under some vague risk of danger (no matter how small or illogically convoluted) from some foreign foe and that military measures are necessary to secure the Homeland.
Cold War Is The New Hot War
Just as the US has engaged in a spate of hot wars (be they big like Iraq or small like the bombings in Yemen), so too is it now doing the same for cold wars. The militaristic thinking of dominating and domineering is the same, the only thing that has changed are the instruments. Economic warfare and asymmetrical initiatives (itÂs hard to call them responses when the recipient hasnÂt done anything to deserve them) are materializing as the new bombs and bullets of the 21st-centuryÂs conflicts. Sanctions are the new declaration of war (which they technically could be interpreted as per UN legislation) and Color Revolutions are latest form of invasion. They work hand-in-hand to complement one another, as the whole goal of sanctions is to create a ÂplausibleÂ reason for ÂdomesticÂ (externally supervised) regime change efforts, as is USÂ plan against Russia today. Sprinkle some geopolitical tension into the mix and thatÂs a surefire recipe for destabilizing any targeted state, without as much as a single trigger ever being pulled.
Make Your Bed And Lie In It
The USÂ militarization abroad has finally boomeranged back into the Homeland, as seen by the fact that small town police forces are now better trained and equipped than the national armies of some small states. Surplus and second-hand military gear and vehicles have been sold at discounted rates to local police departments, completing the course of militarization that started abroad and has finally ended at home. De-facto military operations are daily occurrences in the USÂ major cities, as evidenced by every metropolisÂ busy SWAT schedule. Even if the point is to clear out ruthless drug traffickers and neutralize dangerous street gangs, that in and of itself speaks volumes about the state of AmericaÂs contemporary inner-city situation.
Be it through legal or illegal means, violent criminals have become armed with the intent to kill, selling drugs or committing other illegal activity to perpetuate their chosen lifestyles, and threatening regular citizens throughout the course of this. The chickens have surely come home to roost, as it appears that the US governmentÂs documented history of facilitating the narcotics trade in Central America (the 1980s support of the Nicaraguan Contras immediately comes to mind) and covert small arms shipments the world over have finally caught up to it domestically. What was reaped had earlier been sowed, and the international militarism of the past decade has returned to take up home in the Heartland.
By Sherwood Ross - Global Research, December 12, 2012
More than 30 top U.S. officials, including presidents G.W. Bush and Obama, are guilty of war crimes or crimes against peace and humanity Âlegally akin to those perpetrated by the former Nazi regime in Germany,Â the distinguished American international law authority Francis Boyle charges.
U.S. officials involved in an Âongoing criminal conspiracyÂ in the Middle East and Africa who either participated in the commission of the crimes under their jurisdiction or failed to take action against them included both presidents since 2001 and their vice-presidents, the secretaries of State and Defense, the directors of the CIA and National Intelligence and the PentagonÂs Joint Chiefs of Staff and heads of the Central Command, among others, Boyle said.
ÂIn international legal terms, the U.S. government itself should now be viewed as constituting an ongoing criminal conspiracy under international law,Â Boyle said in an address Dec. 9th to the Puerto Rican Summit Conference on Human Rights at the University of the Sacred Heart in San Juan. Boyle is a Professor of International Law at the University of Illinois, Champaign, and the author of numerous books on the subject.
Besides the presidents, Boyle identified as war criminals Vice Presidents Dick Cheney and Joseph Biden; Secretaries of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Robert Gates and Leon Panetta; Secretaries of State Colin Powell, Condoleeza Rice, and Hillary Clinton; National Security Advisors Stephen Hadley, James Jones, and Thomas Donilon; Director of National Intelligence John Negroponte and James Clapper and Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) Directors George Tenet, Leon Panetta, and David Petraeus.
In the Pentagon, war criminals include the members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and some Regional Commanders-in-Chiefs, especially for the U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM), and more recently, AFRICOM. Besides Chairman General Martin Dempsey, U.S. Army, JCS members include Admiral James Winnefeld Jr.; General Raymond Odierno, Chief of Staff of the Army; General James Amos, Commandant of the Marine Corps; Admiral Jonathan Greenert, Chief of Naval Operations; and General Mark Welsh, Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
Those who have headed the Central Command since the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan include Lt. General Martin Dempsey; Admiral William Fallon; General John Abizaid; General Tommy Franks; Lt. General John Allen; and current commander General James Mattis. General Carter Ham of AFRICOM bears like responsibility.
Boyle told the Puerto Rican conference that President G.W. Bush had shamelessly exploited the 9/11 tragedy and Âset forth to steal a hydrocarbon empire from the Muslim states and peoples living in Central Asia and the Middle East and Africa under Âbogus pretexts.Â These pretexts included fighting a war against Âinternational terrorismÂ or ÂIslamic fundamentalismÂ, eliminating weapons of mass destruction, the promotion of democracy, and humanitarian intervention, Boyle said.
The serial aggressions of the U.S.violate such basic documents of international law as the Nuremberg Charter, the Nuremberg Judgment, and the Nuremberg Principles, Boyle said. As well, they violate the PentagonÂs own U.S. Army Field Manual 27-10 on The Law of Land Warfare, which applies to the President himself as Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Armed Forces under Article II, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution.
U.S. administrations since 9/11 may be charged with Âcrimes against peaceÂ for their attacks in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Libya, Somalia,Yemen, and Syria, Âand perhaps their longstanding threatened war of aggression against Iran,Â Boyle said.
The eminent international authority went on to charge that the war crimes included Âtorture, enforced disappearances, assassinations, murders, kidnappings, extraordinary renditions, Âshock and aweÂ (bombings), and (the use of) depleted uranium, white phosphorus, cluster bombs, drone strikes,Â and the like.
Boyle said Americans Âmust not permit any aspect of their foreign affairs and defense policies to be conducted by acknowledged Âwar criminalsÂÂ but must insist upon Âthe impeachment, dismissal, resignation, indictment, conviction, and long-term incarceration of all U.S. government officials guilty of such heinous international and domestic crimes.Â
Boyle said the so-called Âtargeted killingÂ of human beings in a non-battlefield situation is Âpure murderÂ under basic principles of Anglo-American common law and international criminal law. And in this case, where these murders are both widespread and systematic, these murders constitute a Crime against Humanity under Article 7(1)(a) of the Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court.
Although the United States is not a party to the Rome Statute, Boyle said, Ânevertheless President Obama is subject to the jurisdiction of the ICC and its Prosecutor for murdering people in ICC member States.Â http://globalresearch.ca/more-than-thirty-top-u-s-officials-guilty-of-war-crimes/5315289
The world faces the prospect of major war, but the truth is turned upside down and inside out by journalists, including those who promoted the lies that led to the Iraq bloodbath.
John Pilger talks to the media after meeting with Julian Assange at the Ecuadorian Embassy, where he has been seeking asylum for over two years. WHY HAS SO MUCH journalism succumbed to propaganda? Why are censorship and distortion standard practice? Why is the BBC so often a mouthpiece of rapacious power? Why do the New York Times and the Washington Post deceive their readers?
Why are young journalists not taught to understand media agendas and to challenge the high claims and low purpose of fake objectivity? And why are they not taught that the essence of so much of what's called the mainstream media is not information, but power?
These are urgent questions. The world is facing the prospect of major war, perhaps nuclear war - with the United States clearly determined to isolate and provoke Russia and eventually China. This truth is being turned upside down and inside out by journalists, including those who promoted the lies that led to the bloodbath in Iraq in 2003.
The times we live in are so dangerous and so distorted in public perception that propaganda is no longer, as Edward Bernays called it, an "invisible government". It is the government. It rules directly without fear of contradiction and its principal aim is the conquest of us: our sense of the world, our ability to separate truth from lies.
This power to create a new "reality" has been building for a long time. Forty-five years ago, a book entitled The Greening of America caused a sensation. On the cover were these words: "There is a revolution coming. It will not be like revolutions of the past. It will originate with the individual."
I was a correspondent in the United States at the time and recall the overnight elevation to guru status of the author, a young Yale academic, Charles Reich. His message was that truth-telling and political action had failed and only "culture" and introspection could change the world.
Within a few years, driven by the forces of profit, the cult of "me-ism" had all but overwhelmed our sense of acting together, our sense of social justice and internationalism. Class, gender and race were separated. The personal was the political, and the media was the message.
In the wake of the cold war, the fabrication of new "threats" completed the political disorientation of those who, 20 years earlier, would have formed a vehement opposition.
In 2003, I filmed an interview in Washington with Charles Lewis, the distinguished American investigative journalist. We discussed the invasion of Iraq a few months earlier. I asked him, "What if the freest media in the world had seriously challenged George Bush and Donald Rumsfeld and investigated their claims, instead of channeling what turned out to be crude propaganda?"
He replied that if we journalists had done our job "there is a very, very good chance we would have not gone to war in Iraq."
That's a shocking statement, and one supported by other famous journalists to whom I put the same question. Dan Rather, formerly of CBS, gave me the same answer. David Rose of the Observer and senior journalists and producers in the BBC, who wished to remain anonymous, gave me the same answer.
In other words, had journalists done their job, had they questioned and investigated the propaganda instead of amplifying it, hundreds of thousands of men, women and children might be alive today; and millions might not have fled their homes; the sectarian war between Sunni and Shia might not have ignited, and the infamous Islamic State might not now exist.
Even now, despite the millions who took to the streets in protest, most of the public in western countries have little idea of the sheer scale of the crime committed by our governments in Iraq. Even fewer are aware that, in the 12 years before the invasion, the US and British governments set in motion a holocaust by denying the civilian population of Iraq a means to live.
Those are the words of the senior British official responsible for sanctions on Iraq in the 1990s - a medieval siege that caused the deaths of half a million children under the age of five, reported Unicef. The official's name is Carne Ross. In the Foreign Office in London, he was known as "Mr. Iraq". Today, he is a truth-teller of how governments deceive and how journalists willingly spread the deception. "We would feed journalists factoids of sanitised intelligence," he told me, "or we'd freeze them out."
The main whistleblower during this terrible, silent period was Denis Halliday. Then Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations and the senior UN official in Iraq, Halliday resigned rather than implement policies he described as genocidal. He estimates that sanctions killed more than a million Iraqis.
What then happened to Halliday was instructive. He was airbrushed. Or he was vilified. On the BBC's Newsnight programme, the presenter Jeremy Paxman shouted at him: "Aren't you just an apologist for Saddam Hussein?" The Guardian recently described this as one of Paxman's "memorable moments". Last week, Paxman signed a ÂŁ1 million book deal.
The handmaidens of suppression have done their job well. Consider the effects. In 2013, a ComRes poll found that a majority of the British public believed the casualty toll in Iraq was less than 10,000 - a tiny fraction of the truth. A trail of blood that goes from Iraq to London has been scrubbed almost clean.
Rupert Murdoch is said to be the godfather of the media mob, and no one should doubt the augmented power of his newspapers - all 127 of them, with a combined circulation of 40 million, and his Fox network. But the influence of Murdoch's empire is no greater than its reflection of the wider media.
The most effective propaganda is found not in the Sun or on Fox News - but beneath a liberal halo. When the New York Times published claims that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, its fake evidence was believed, because it wasn't Fox News; it was the New York Times.
The same is true of the Washington Post and the Guardian, both of which have played a critical role in conditioning their readers to accept a new and dangerous cold war. All three liberal newspapers have misrepresented events in Ukraine as a malign act by Russia - when, in fact, the fascist led coup in Ukraine was the work of the United States, aided by Germany and Nato.
This inversion of reality is so pervasive that Washington's military encirclement and intimidation of Russia is not contentious. It's not even news, but suppressed behind a smear and scare campaign of the kind I grew up with during the first cold war.
Once again, the evil empire is coming to get us, led by another Stalin or, perversely, a new Hitler. Name your demon and let rip.
The suppression of the truth about Ukraine is one of the most complete news blackouts I can remember. The biggest Western military build-up in the Caucasus and eastern Europe since world war two is blacked out. Washington's secret aid to Kiev and its neo-Nazi brigades responsible for war crimes against the population of eastern Ukraine is blacked out. Evidence that contradicts propaganda that Russia was responsible for the shooting down of a Malaysian airliner is blacked out.
And again, supposedly liberal media are the censors. Citing no facts, no evidence, one journalist identified a pro-Russian leader in Ukraine as the man who shot down the airliner. This man, he wrote, was known as The Demon. He was a scary man who frightened the journalist. That was the evidence.
Many in the western media haves worked hard to present the ethnic Russian population of Ukraine as outsiders in their own country, almost never as Ukrainians seeking a federation within Ukraine and as Ukrainian citizens resisting a foreign-orchestrated coup against their elected government.
What the Russian president has to say is of no consequence; he is a pantomime villain who can be abused with impunity. An American general who heads Nato and is straight out of Dr. Strangelove - one General Breedlove - routinely claims Russian invasions without a shred of visual evidence. His impersonation of Stanley Kubrick's General Jack D. Ripper is pitch perfect.
Forty thousand Ruskies were massing on the border, according to Breedlove. That was good enough for the New York Times, the Washington Post and the Observer - the latter having previously distinguished itself with lies and fabrications that backed Blair's invasion of Iraq, as its former reporter, David Rose, revealed.
There is almost the joi d'esprit of a class reunion. The drum-beaters of the Washington Post are the very same editorial writers who declared the existence of Saddam's weapons of mass destruction to be "hard facts".
"If you wonder," wrote Robert Parry, "how the world could stumble into world war three - much as it did into world war one a century ago - all you need to do is look at the madness that has enveloped virtually the entire US political/media structure over Ukraine where a false narrative of white hats versus black hats took hold early and has proved impervious to facts or reason."
Parry, the journalist who revealed Iran-Contra, is one of the few who investigate the central role of the media in this "game of chicken", as the Russian foreign minister called it. But is it a game? As I write this, the US Congress votes on Resolution 758 which, in a nutshell, says: "Let's get ready for war with Russia."
In the 19th century, the writer Alexander Herzen described secular liberalism as "the final religion, though its church is not of the other world but of this". Today, this divine right is far more violent and dangerous than anything the Muslim world throws up, though perhaps its greatest triumph is the illusion of free and open information.
In the news, whole countries are made to disappear. Saudi Arabia, the source of extremism and western-backed terror, is not a story, except when it drives down the price of oil. Yemen has endured twelve years of American drone attacks. Who knows? Who cares?
In 2009, the University of the West of England published the results of a ten-year study of the BBC's coverage of Venezuela. Of 304 broadcast reports, only three mentioned any of the positive policies introduced by the government of Hugo Chavez. The greatest literacy programme in human history received barely a passing reference.
In Europe and the United States, millions of readers and viewers know next to nothing about the remarkable, life-giving changes implemented in Latin America, many of them inspired by Chavez. Like the BBC, the reports of the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Guardian and the rest of the respectable western media were notoriously in bad faith. Chavez was mocked even on his deathbed. How is this explained, I wonder, in schools of journalism?
Why are millions of people in Britain are persuaded that a collective punishment called "austerity" is necessary?
Following the economic crash in 2008, a rotten system was exposed. For a split second the banks were lined up as crooks with obligations to the public they had betrayed.
But within a few months - apart from a few stones lobbed over excessive corporate "bonuses" - the message changed. The mugshots of guilty bankers vanished from the tabloids and something called "austerity" became the burden of millions of ordinary people. Was there ever a sleight of hand as brazen?
Today, many of the premises of civilised life in Britain are being dismantled in order to pay back a fraudulent debt - the debt of crooks. The "austerity" cuts are said to be ÂŁ83 billion. That's almost exactly the amount of tax avoided by the same banks and by corporations like Amazon and Murdoch's News UK. Moreover, the crooked banks are given an annual subsidy of ÂŁ100bn in free insurance and guarantees - a figure that would fund the entire National Health Service.
The economic crisis is pure propaganda. Extreme policies now rule Britain, the United States, much of Europe, Canada and Australia. Who is standing up for the majority? Who is telling their story? Who's keeping record straight? Isn't that what journalists are meant to do?
In 1977, Carl Bernstein, of Watergate fame, revealed that more than 400 journalists and news executives worked for the CIA. They included journalists from the New York Times, Time and the TV networks. In 1991, Richard Norton Taylor of the Guardian revealed something similar in this country.
None of this is necessary today. I doubt that anyone paid the Washington Post and many other media outlets to accuse Edward Snowden of aiding terrorism. I doubt that anyone pays those who routinely smear Julian Assange - though other rewards can be plentiful.
It's clear to me that the main reason Assange has attracted such venom, spite and jealously is that WikiLeaks tore down the facade of a corrupt political elite held aloft by journalists. In heralding an extraordinary era of disclosure, Assange made enemies by illuminating and shaming the media's gatekeepers, not least on the newspaper that published and appropriated his great scoop. He became not only a target, but a golden goose.
Lucrative book and Hollywood movie deals were struck and media careers launched or kick-started on the back of WikiLeaks and its founder. People have made big money, while WikiLeaks has struggled to survive.
None of this was mentioned in Stockholm on 1 December when the editor of the Guardian, Alan Rusbridger, shared with Edward Snowden the Right Livelihood Award, known as the alternative Nobel Peace Prize. What was shocking about this event was that Assange and WikiLeaks were airbrushed. They didn't exist. They were unpeople. No one spoke up for the man who pioneered digital whistleblowing and handed the Guardian one of the greatest scoops in history. Moreover, it was Assange and his WikiLeaks team who effectively - and brilliantly - rescued Edward Snowden in Hong Kong and sped him to safety. Not a word.
What made this censorship by omission so ironic and poignant and disgraceful was that the ceremony was held in the Swedish parliament - whose craven silence on the Assange case has colluded with a grotesque miscarriage of justice in Stockholm.
"When the truth is replaced by silence," said the Soviet dissident Yevtushenko, "the silence is a lie."
It's this kind of silence we journalists need to break. We need to look in the mirror. We need to call to account an unaccountable media that services power and a psychosis that threatens world war.
In the 18th century, Edmund Burke described the role of the press as a Fourth Estate checking the powerful. Was that ever true? It certainly doesn't wash any more. What we need is a Fifth Estate: a journalism that monitors, deconstructs and counters propaganda and teaches the young to be agents of people, not power. We need what the Russians called perestroika - an insurrection of subjugated knowledge. I would call it real journalism.
It's 100 years since the First World War. Reporters then were rewarded and knighted for their silence and collusion. At the height of the slaughter, British prime minister David Lloyd George confided in C.P. Scott, editor of the Manchester Guardian: "If people really knew [the truth] the war would be stopped tomorrow, but of course they don't know and can't know."
by ESAM AL-AMIN - DECEMBER 06, 2014 - CounterPunch
The Watergate scandal in the early 1970s exposed Richard Nixon and his inner circle as conspirators who were trying to cover up their criminal involvement in spying against their political opponents. Once it was uncovered, Nixon had to resign the presidency in disgrace, as many of his assistants and senior government officials were convicted and served many years in prison. A majority in Congress at the time, including Republican members, condemned the former president and voted to impeach him. The American public was shocked to witness the level of corruption reaching the highest echelons of their government. Had it not been for the audiotapes that were released by order of the Supreme Court, the extent of NixonÂs lawlessness and lies would never have been revealed or believed.
Now a series of audiotapes involving EgyptÂs top military brass, which ousted former President Mohammad Morsi in a military coup in July 2013, were publicly leaked this week. The pro-Muslim Brotherhood satellite channel Mukameleen (Arabic for ÂWeÂll ContinueÂ) released the six audio recordings (see links 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) in a special nightly program on December 4. Shortly thereafter, the recordings went viral on Arabic-language websites, though most foreign language media outlets have yet to cover them.
The contents of the audio recordings (31 minutes in total) are shocking, as they involve the highest-ranking military rulers in Egypt, including coup leader Gen. Abdelfattah Sisi, conspiring together, falsifying evidence, forging documents, and admitting to criminal behavior on tape, while acknowledging that the legal case concocted against Morsi was in danger of collapsing. The question of who released the recordings is still a mystery but rumors abound. The program presenter at the satellite channel Mukameleen insinuated that the leak came from a source within SisiÂs inner circle that is sympathetic to the Muslim Brotherhood and the January 25 revolution. Haitham Abu Khalil, a prominent human rights advocate, tweeted that since the recordings came from within the Defense Ministry, the leaker must be a rival to Gen. Sisi, such as former Chief of Staff Sami Anan who declared his presidential candidacy last spring only to be sidelined by Sisi and ridiculed by his propaganda machine. Meanwhile, opposition leader Ayman Noor told Al Jazeera from his home in exile in Lebanon that the tapes are authentic because he has known the players and could easily identify their voices.
The individuals heard on the recordings comprise some of the major figures who were involved in the military coup and have ruled the country ever since. They include Gen. Mamdouh Shahin, legal advisor to Sisi, Gen. Abbas Kamel, SisiÂs chief aide and office manager, Gen. Mohammad Ibrahim, the interior minister, Gen. Osama El-Gindy, chief of naval forces, and Gen. Mahmoud Hegazi, head of military intelligence, who was later promoted to army chief of staff. The recording also featured Gen. Sisi himself, who was the defense minister at the time before being elected president last May in a vote that was considered by many neutral observers and monitors to be a sham election. In the tapes, Gen. Shahin also described the conspiratorial role of the chief General Prosecutor, Hisham Barakat (who was appointed to the post by the coup leaders) and several of his senior prosecutors including Mustafa Khater and Ibrahim Saleh who have been leading the prosecution teams against Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood leadership.
Conspiracy in Action
ItÂs not clear when the recordings were made but they probably occurred sometime last spring when MorsiÂs defense team challenged the basis for his initial incarceration and petitioned the presiding judges to dismiss all charges against him under the pretext that he was kidnapped by the military with no criminal charges until months later. According to Egyptian law, if the defense team was able to prove that Morsi was illegally detained, he would have to be released, after which he would have most certainly declared that he was the legitimately-elected president by millions of Egyptians.
During the first minute of the recording, Gen. Shahin is heard telling SisiÂs office manager, Gen. Kamel, that General Prosecutor Barakat was in panic mode and had sent him his three leading prosecutors (including Khater and Saleh) and asked him to ÂfixÂ his problem. During an earlier court session, government prosecutors falsely told the judges that Morsi was never kidnapped and had always been in the custody of the interior ministry, even though he was actually being held in a military barracks at Abu Qir naval base near Alexandria. Shahin then told Kamel that they needed to provide the prosecutors with Âan order of arrest of Morsi signed by interior minister Gen. Ibrahim that must be backdated to the day of the coup.Â Shahin then called Ibrahim (min. 2-3) and asked for the forged legal document to be signed by the interior minister. He also asked Ibrahim to make sure that the order was Âprinted in the official government recordsÂ so the order would appear legitimate, adding Âas we used to do so during the days of the Supreme Council of the Armed ForcesÂ Â when SCAF issued backdated laws during the military rule in the aftermath of MubarakÂs ouster. On tape Ibrahim is heard readily agreeing, and requesting that Shahin provide him with details to be included in the order including, the address and description of the detention facility.
Shahin and Kamel then called Gen. El-Gindy, the chief of the naval forces, who commanded the naval base where Morsi was detained for several weeks before he was officially charged and transferred to an interior ministry prison. In the next few minutes (starting at min. 5) Shahin tried to convince Gen. El-Gindy to turn over one of his buildings in the base to the interior ministry to be used as a prison for a month until MorsiÂs trial ended. When El-Gindy asked why they could not use an existing prison facility and claim that it was the facility used for MorsiÂs initial incarceration, Shahin said that this would not work because there was an official report on record written by investigative judge Hasan Samir that gave a detailed description of MorsiÂs detention facility that would not match any existing prison under the control of the interior ministry. In one instance Shahin warns (min. 9-11) that unless the prosecutors win this issue in court Âthe espionage charges and the Ittihadiyya (presidential palace) murder case (against Morsi) would collapse.Â Shahin then stated that they would have to plan for the worst-case scenario, as he was certain that the defense team would request physical inspection of the detention facility that the judges may actually grant. In this case, the detention facility must be part of the prison system under the interior ministry and match what was already on the record. However, Gen. El-Gindy expressed skepticism, as he could not transform any existing building in the naval base to become a stand-alone prison and turned over to the interior ministry. Yet, he promised to look into the matter.
In the next audio recording Gens. Shahin and Kamel called military intelligence chief Gen. Hegazi (min. 13) to seek his support in getting Gen. El-Gindy to cooperate. In frustration, Hegazi complained that the military does not get adequate legal counsel and thatÂs why the military is now Âcollecting corpsesÂ on the streets. Surprisingly, Shahin who is SisiÂs legal advisor, answered Âthere is no one here (i.e. in the military) whose specialty is the law in order to provide legal advice.Â He further stated that interior minister Ibrahim has already agreed to sign the order and backdate it in order to Âgive the prosecutors the documents they need.Â Hegazi then suggested that they build a ÂhangerÂ on the naval base Âwhich the (armyÂs) engineering department could do in 72 hoursÂ. He added ÂThey could build a separate gate, fence it, put a sign on it and turn it over to the interior ministry as a prison facility.Â Shahin was then delighted since the prosecutors told him that, Âthey had 15 days to finish the task.Â
Military chief of staff Gen. Hegazi then called the chief of the naval forces Gen. El-Gindy in the presence of Gen. Shahin (min. 18) and asked if it was possible to build a hanger similar to the detention facility that housed Morsi during his initial incarceration. El-Gindy readily agreed to do it as SisiÂs office manager Gen. Kamel informed him (min. 20) that Sisi said that, Âhe should spare no cost because the important thing is to do it completely right.Â He then added that Sisi instructed the interior ministry Âto take over the new detention facility as if they had occupied it for 100 years.Â
In the next recording, Shahin tells Kamel that all the falsified documents were now ready and then commented that Kamel Âshould not worry about the forgery of the documentsÂ since no one would be able to challenge them in court. Kamel then instructed him to make sure that Âall the prison records are also doctored including the registration of Morsi as a criminal prisoner at the time.Â Shahin then stated (min. 21) that General Prosecutor Barakat is now Âvery, very, very happy because he was under great duress because of this problem.Â
Shahin and Kamel then joked that the new place would be ready for inspection by MorsiÂs defense team. Kamel suggested (min. 22) that they make the detention facility so authentic as to also include a Âtorture roomÂ and show how prisoners Âare hanged from their feet.Â Shahin then jokingly responded: Âyou can always command us. Forgery is the order of the day.Â Kamel then commented on the Muslim Brotherhood by saying Âthe bastards would never win. WeÂd never allow them to gloat against us.Â
The next recording is the only time Sisi is heard on the tapes (min. 22:20) in which he stated that he had just finished a meeting with interior minster Ibrahim. He then asked Shahin if he had completed the task at hand with the interior minister. Shahin responded that he had, and that it was the hardest obstacle in this predicament, in which case Sisi responded, ÂIndeed it was a very difficult problem.Â
In the next recording, Gens. Kamel, Shahin, and El-Gindy are heard discussing the newly built hanger turned prison facility (min. 23-31) at the Abu Qir naval base. When El-Gindy stated that the facility was now ready to be turned over to the interior ministry, Shahin jokingly intimated, ÂItÂs ready for usÂ (i.e. to be our prison when the military rule is ousted). El-Gindy responded by saying that it was unsuitable for them since it was only a 3-star rather than a 7-star facility (min. 23). El-Gindy then proceeded by saying that the new facility matched the one where Morsi was detained in all its details including Âchairs, beds, appliances, refrigerators, washers, and the garage.Â He then added, ÂItÂs the same as the original from A to Z Â even the sports equipment is the same. We even left the newspapers of that period in the cells.Â Kamel then jokingly commented (min. 25) that such immaculate details Âwould drive the man (Morsi) crazy.Â Shahin then stated (min. 26) that Âhe arranged with the head of the prison system to send 3 or 4 prisoners there to show that the facility had always been in use.Â When the prisons chief asked why not house more prisoners Shahin responded by saying ÂHell no. Do you want to expose us? This facility is supposed to be a special prison for only a limited number of prisoners.Â Kamel then said that he would inform interior minister Ibrahim Âto send his security people to take over the facilityÂ and that there is Âa tacit agreement (with the prosecutors) to receive early warning before an actual inspection takes placeÂ in order to get the facility Âready.Â He then assures them that the prison guards would have already been Âbriefed and trainedÂ so as not to be uncovered. Finally, Shahin instructed that Âall the record books must be cooked with proper dates and names of visitors including the visits by the African leaders (to Morsi in his early days of detention) as well as by a delegation from EgyptÂs human rights organization, etc.Â Kamel then assured them that ÂLt. Gen. Tariq has been working on this with interior ministry officials.Â
When wolves are guarding the sheep
These revelations clearly demonstrate that Egypt is currently being ruled by a criminal enterprise masquerading as patriotic military generals or statesmen. Since the July 2013 coup thousands of Egyptians have been killed in the streets while at least forty thousand have been arrested, jailed and tortured. In essence, the coup was a counterrevolutionary movement led by the military generals and elements of MubarakÂs deep state that eventually resulted not only in the acquittal of the former dictator and his cronies but also in thwarting EgyptÂs path towards freedom and democracy.
More than forty years ago, Nixon told the American public that he was not a crook, only to be shamed nine months later and admit that indeed he had violated the law and had to resign. But the military generals in Cairo are not only crooks by their own admission, but also murderers, thugs, and psychopaths. There are no parliament, judiciary, or viable civil society institutions in Egypt to hold them accountable. Meanwhile, the international community is looking the other way while Egypt descends into turmoil and chaos, and most Egyptians face unprecedented repression and corruption on a massive scale. During the 18 momentous revolutionary days in the spring of 2011, many Egyptians believed that the military generals stood with them against the tyranny and decadence of the Mubarak regime, and declared in Tahrir Square and across Egypt that Âthe people and the army are one.Â Four years later most Egyptians who yearn to be free openly declare Âno to military ruleÂ and understand now more than ever that freedom and democracy cannot be bestowed by any one group but must be taken by the people themselves.
Esam Al-Amin is the author of The Arab Awakening Unveiled: Understanding Transformations and Revolutions in the Middle East. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Theodor Herzl at the Fifth Zionist Congress, 1901.
Likudniks, take note: Israeli streets are named after a self-hating Jewish traitor. By Carlo Strenger - 12-05-14 - Haaretz
In his 2009 and 2013 governments Netanyahu included center-left parties that functioned as a restraint against the most extreme excesses of his own party, which has moved ever more to the right. The Likud has made sure to kick out its last genuinely democratic parliamentarians like Dan Meridor, Michael Eytan and Benny Begin in 2013, and Reuven Rivlin is now president.
But it seems that he wonÂt repeat this mistake, after Yesh Atid and Hatnua actually caused him trouble and made him fire Lapid and Livni: his next government will be composed of the extreme right and the ultra-Orthodox only. Here are some ideas for the Likud after the next elections.
The LikudÂs new up-and-coming stars, Zeev Elkin, Yariv Levin, Danny Danon, Miri Regev & Co are amassing an impressive record. They have gone a long way towards a re-definition of Zionism that rejects the most basic principle of liberal democracy, equality of rights for all citizens. The nation-state law they are promoting not only wants to give Jews preeminence in Israel, they also want Jewish law to be the primary inspiration for IsraelÂs legal system. Anything other than an ethnocracy is either Post-Zionist or anti-Zionist.
The new Likudniks have not only transformed the Likud party from a right wing, but basically liberal-democratic party into a one with totalitarian and racist leanings. They have also contributed much to the flourishing racism of their constituency ranging from the chants of Âdeath to ArabsÂ by Beitar Jerusalem fans to Amir BenayounÂs latest song about the Arab student who is reveling in IsraelÂs delights only waiting to kill Jews at some point.
But they have not yet purged Israel of old conceptions of Zionism as befits the genuinely totalitarian country they are envisaging, and parties like Labor, Yesh Atid and even Meretz, God forbid, still dare to call themselves Zionist. ItÂs time for the new Likudniks to leave a genuine mark on Israel, and I have the perfect plan for them.
They should address a terrible scandal that taints IsraelÂs cities: all of them have one of their main streets named after a bearded Viennese self-hating Jew called Theodor Herzl. This man wrote a despicable book called Altneuland, containing absolutely horrid anti-Zionist propaganda.
He promoted a country in which Jewish religion has no formal standing at all. Herzl believed that the Temple-Mount should be avoided, and any reconstruction of the temple should just be another synagogue. Worst of all: HerzlÂs horrible work takes pride in the treacherous notion that the Nation-state of the Jews gives completely equal rights to all citizens, including Arabs, and is cosmopolitan in nature. Herzl even thought that the country should be multi-cultural and multi-lingual, including both Yiddish and German!
Calling main streets in Israel after this man is not only an offense against true Zionism, but positively harmful. Imagine if Israeli children would actually read Altneuland, which can be downloaded from the Web nowadays: They might get the most destructive ideas about Israel and Zionism!
Ahad HaÂam, also to be found on every Israeli cityÂs street signs is even worse. He wrote anti-Semitic tracts in which he deplored Jewish settlers contemptuous treatment of Arabs in Palestine, and argued that this was un-Jewish behavior. Worse than that: he warned not to build a Jewish state in Israel, because this might turn into an immoral society and to instead suggested developing a Jewish cultural center in Palestine. Ahad HaÂam, in other words, was a post-Zionist avant la lettre. He didnÂt have a shred of patriotism, loved Arabs, and was against a Jewish state!
The new Likudniks should pass a law that would replace the names of every Herzl and Ahad HaÂam Street Â I leave it open to them whom they would like to replace them with. Meir Kahane and RechavÂam Zeevi might be names that would prove that the new Likudniks have genuine long-term vision for the country.
Just a brief post-scriptum: While they are at it, they should consider whether it wouldnÂt be better to take Zeev Jabotinsky off IsraelÂ street signs as well. Jabotinsky was distinctly lacking in nationalist fervor: he actually wrote that Israel could have a legitimately elected Arab prime minister. The time has come to purge IsraelÂs streets of these anti-Zionists!
Three key moments when The New Republic defended Zionism against the anti-Israel left During a generation when the American left turned against the Jewish State, the magazine presented a robust, eloquent and at times inspiring counter-vision.
By Seth Lipsky | Dec. 15, 2014 - Haaretz
The breakup of The New Republic magazine is an occasion to think about its most important scoop â a liberal defense of Zionism. In a season when the American left turned against the Jewish State, The New Republic was a robust, eloquent and at times inspiring advocate. Even many of us on the right reckon that if debate strengthens Israelâs cause, The New Republic will be among those papers that deserve a portion of pride. Herewith is a sampler of three of my favorite TNR dispatches on this head:
Sanhedrin II: The case of Ivan Demjanjuk
This is a reprise of the decision of Israelâs Supreme Court to free Demjanjuk even though it had concluded, to a certainty, that he had served at Sobibor. The courtâs decision is one of the ghastliest errors ever made by an Israeli institution. It was greeted in The New Republic by a nuanced and illuminating essay by a superstar of the American appeals bench, Judge Alex Kozinski, who rides the Ninth United States Circuit.
Kozinski predicted that the decision of Israelâs top court would âbecome a model of judicial craftsmanship.â But, he asked, âis it right?â He reckoned that, by American legal principles, âthe opinion is hard to defend.â He doubted that even Americaâs most liberal judicial titans â like Earl Warren, William Brennan and Thurgood Marshall â would have stood for it. He could explain it only by resorting to âa much older tradition,â that of the Sanhedrin, with its obsession for giving the accused the âbenefit of every doubt.â Even when Demjanjuk turned out to have worked at Sobibor.
The god that did not fail
Itâs hard to think of another publication that marked the double jubilee of the First Zionist Congress in the way The New Republic did. It ran, in September 1997, a cover of the photo of Herzl peering into the future while leaning on a railing at Basel. Inside was an 11,000-word piece by the paperâs proprietor and chief editor, Martin Peretz, sketching political Zionism from Moses Hess forward. And how he marked the historical irony that as Herzl was at Basel, Rosa Luxemburg and Leon Trotsky were launching their movements.
âWho, in those early inflamed decades in the history of modern revolution, would have imagined that it was not the socialist revolution of the deracinated Jews, but the nationalist revolution of the reracinated Jews, that would come out on top?â Peretz asked. âIf socialism was the God that failed,â he added, âthen Zionism was the God that did not fail.â He was using the word âGodâ metaphorically, he pointed out, calling Zionism âa morality, and a politics, of worldlinessâ and the only ideology âto have accomplished what it set out to do â and to have done so with reasonable decency.â
The usual suspect
This is Jeffrey Goldbergâs October 2007 review of John Mearsheimer and Stephen Waltâs âThe Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy.â It will be a long time before as devastating a review as this is issued in a liberal magazine. It spent its first 1,300 words on one of the âcave encyclicalsâ of Osama Bin Laden, who sought to convince Americans that it was usury that enabled the Jews âin all their different forms and guisesâ to âhave taken controlâ of âyour economyâ and âyour mediaâ and to âcontrol all aspects of your life, making you their servants and achieving their aims at your expense.â
Then Goldberg dealt with Mearsheimer and Walt and those whose tradition they were trying to make respectable â Charles Lindbergh, Father Coughlin, Joseph P. Kennedy, and, more recently, Patrick Buchanan, Louis Farrakhan, and David Duke. Goldberg encapsulated their key theme as âthe belief that America supports Israel only because the pro-Israel lobby forces it to do so.â Wrote he: âWhat is unfathomable to them is that many Americans, Jewish and otherwise, admire Israel.â Goldberg ends up mocking Walt and Mearsheimer for, inadvertently via their illogic, supporting the Zionist cause.
It would be inaccurate to suggest that a friendliness to Zion was a feature of TNR only under Peretz, though he brought it to its apogee. He reminded me, in a phone conversation last week, that Horace Kallen, a philosopher and early member of the Zionist Organization of America, was on the first board of The New Republic. And that Felix Frankfurter, who was encouraged to the Zionist cause by Louis Brandeis, was an â not the â editor of the magazine in its early years.
It would also be inaccurate to suggest Israel was the only cause of the magazine in the generation now departing. But articles like those in the sampler above were its defining contribution to the national debate here in America in the past generation. Itâs not the only contribution by the generation of editors and writers whose conduct of the magazine is now ending, and it may be that the new owners will stick with Israel. Either way, in a generation when the left has been campaigning against the Jewish state, TNRâs counter-vision has been no small thing.
Seth Lipsky is editor of The New York Sun. He was a foreign editor and a member of the editorial board of The Wall Street Journal, founding editor of The Forward and editor from 1990 to 2000.
Former President Bill Clinton, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, former president George W. Bush, former first lady Laura Bush, President Barack Obama, and first lady Michelle Obama during funeral services for U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy at the Basilica of Our Lady of Perpetual Help August 29, 2009 in Boston, Massachusetts. (Credit: Pool/Getty Images)
The president might be imperial relative to Congress, but our corporate plutocracy and global military operations should not be able to escape the damning charge of "imperial" behavior.
by William Grover, Joseph Peschek - 12-04-2014 - Common Dreams
"We are fortunate that, thanks to globalization, policy decisions in the US have been largely replaced by global market forces. National security aside, it hardly makes any difference who will be the next president. The world is governed by market forces." ÂAlan Greenspan, Federal Reserve Chair, 2007
The Âimperial presidencyÂ is back, or so we have been warned. The firestorm over President ObamaÂs decision to use an executive order to break the congressional logjam over immigration reform has reignited protest from conservatives and some liberals over executive overreach.
"The problem with viewing the institutional balance of power between Congress and the President as the core of our political predicament is that it divorces those institutions from the larger context of politics and economics within which they operate."
Reaction to the PresidentÂs move was as swift as it was predictable. Citing the plan that will allow up to four million undocumented immigrants legal work status, and shield an additional one million from deportation, Michael Steel, the spokesman for Republican House Speaker John Boehner, issued a statement condemning the president's action. ÂIf ÂEmperor ObamaÂ ignores the American people and announces an amnesty plan that he himself has said over and over again exceeds his Constitutional authority,Â Steel said, Âhe will cement his legacy of lawlessness and ruin the chances for Congressional action on this issue Â and many others." Ross Douthat recently ran with a slightly more nuanced version of the theme in an op-ed in the New York Times, characterizing Obama as Âan elected Caesar, a Cheney for liberalism, a president unbound.Â
Emperor Obama? An elected Caesar? A lawless president? Obama unbound? WhatÂs going on here? This is a perennial issue in America political discourse, with historians and political scientists dutifully weighing in on the correct balance to maintain within our constitutional structure.
The critique of an excess of executive power received its most forceful articulation in historian Arthur Schlesinger, JrÂs classic 1973 book The Imperial Presidency. There SchlesingerÂlike so many scholars, often a cheerleader for presidential power when exercised by activist, liberal chief executives from FDR forwardÂexpressed grave doubts about it in the context of the Vietnam War and Watergate. Having surveyed the history of executive excess in foreign affairs from the eighteenth century onward, Schlesinger found in the early 1970s an almost ÂmessianicÂ view of American power, veiled in secrecy and dangerously threatening the constitutional balance of power.
While the threat of institutional imbalance affected all aspects of government, the tipping of power away from Congress toward the President was most troubling for Schlesinger and his many adherents. If our constitutional structure could be viewed as a see-saw with the President sitting on one end and Congress on the other, the see-saw was nearly crushed by the weight of an executive behemoth. Our thinking came to be dominated by this see-saw metaphor. Restoring constitutional balance was the remedy, a fix Schlesinger comfortably saw growing out of those very institutions and their ability to self-correct. The moral of the story? Bad guys get caught. The system works.
The problem with viewing the institutional balance of power between Congress and the President as the core of our political predicament is that it divorces those institutions from the larger context of politics and economics within which they operate. There is a shared consensus between the two political parties about the ends of US economic and military power, while tactical differences over means capture almost all the media attention. Thus we have the spectacle of a second term President Obama announcing his bipartisan market-based climate policies while reassuring us that being caretakers of the future involves Âno contradiction between a sound environment and strong economic growth.Â And a battle ensues over which incremental market-based policies should be enacted. Or the President reaffirms his allegiance to the idea of American exceptionalism, reminding us that Âthe United States remains the one indispensable nationÂ I believe in American exceptionalism with every fiber of my being.Â
To be sure, presidential unilateralism is a concern within our constitutional system. Ignoring it outright would be foolish; accountability matters. But what Republican member of the House and Senate, what Republican running for president, would seriously take issue with the PresidentÂs formulations above if appealing to a national audience? And itÂs an even more vexing question for Democrats who might want to see Hillary Clinton elected in 2016, or progressives who favor Bernie Sanders or Elizabeth Warren. Looking at institutions apart from the deeper structure of power allows Schlesinger and other critics of the Âimperial presidencyÂ to view the dangers of power as procedural. The office is seen as imperial, without having to consider that the substantive policies themselves might be imperial. The president might be imperial relative to Congress, but our corporate plutocracy and global military operations escape the damning ÂimperialÂ charge. Indeed, if we follow the logic of Alan Greenspan above, the ideology and policy priorities of neoliberalism have eclipsed most of what passes for party conflict in America.
Fixation on defining our political ÂproblemÂ as an institutional imbalance of power weighted too far toward the White House misses the far more unsettling dilemma. Regardless of party, personality, management style or partisan control of Capitol Hill, all presidents seek the same deeper structural ends concerning the two central policy goals of the modern state: the pursuit of both profit-driven economic growth and national security based on US hegemony. The modern presidency is a creature of FDRÂs long tenure and the subsequent rise of what has been called the warfare-welfare state. The soaring public expectations undergirding the modern chief executive have rested on these twin pillars of endless economic growth (rising GDPÂalways more production and consumption tomorrow than today) and national security (always tougher with each iteration of the enemy, be they the Soviets or ISIS). Each goal is bipartisan and defined in ways that are not sustainable in light of twenty-first century challenges to conventional assumptions. Physics and chemistry simply do not care who chairs the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural ResourcesÂneither party is willing to challenge corporate and financial interests fundamentally enough, and quickly enough, to adequately address climate change. Drone attacks on civilians in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Yemen will not make the nation any more secure, whether or not the President confers with Congress before ordering their launch.
If we continue to think about the office of the presidency as a metaphorical see-sawÂif historians and political scientists continue to frame the central issue as a debate over the proper balance between the executive and legislative branchesÂthen the presidency will be unsustainable in the face of todayÂs deeper dangers. The US and the larger world face a set of interrelated crises, including a seemingly endless commitment to a Âwar against terrorÂ and a prolonged economic slump accompanied by widespread material hardship and deepening class inequality. And global climate change, brought about by accelerating levels of carbon dioxide and methane, threatens life on Earth as we know it. Focus solely on the see-saw of power and the entire democratic playground may well go up in the flames of spectacle, charade and disillusionment. But if we have the courage to rethink and redefine the political and economic assumptions upon which the modern presidency was erected, then the office may yet be sustainable, its core elements of popular leadership truly shorn of their deeper imperial trappings.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License
Wayne MADSEN - 03.12.2014 - Strategic Culture Foundation
The Times of Israel, an independent Israeli newspaper that counts among its staff a number of former reporters for the Israeli daily HaÂaretz, published a fascinating but largely overlooked story datelined Jerusalem and Zhitomir, Ukraine, March 16, 2014, and which was written by its respective Russian and Ukrainian correspondents, Hirsh Ostropoler and I. Z. Grosser-Spass, citing a secret report provided to the Israeli government. The report, written by a select panel of scholars of Jewish history drawn from academia and other research centers, concluded that that European Jews are in fact descended from Khazars, a war-like Mongol-Tatar group that ruled over Ukraine and southern Russia, which mass-converted to Judaism in the eighth century AD.
Zionists have long argued that the land claimed by Israel was the biblical birthright of the Jewish people who were forced from the land in a so-called Â«diasporaÂ» after repeated conquests by various empires. Proof that Ashkenazi Jews, which make up a majority of the Israeli Jewish population, have no historical link to Palestine would call into question the entire premise of Israel as the historical Â«5,000-year oldÂ» homeland of the Jewish people.
The Israeli journalists noted that any conversation of the Khazars and modern Israel has always been met with disdain by Israeli leaders. They quote Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir as once saying, Â«Khazar, Schmazar. There is no Khazar people. I knew no Khazars. In Kiev. Or Milwaukee. Show me these Khazars of whom you speakÂ». DNA proof that a migratory Khazar population from Europe is now claiming ancient roots in Palestine largely eliminates Zionist claims to the region.
The evidence that eastern and central European Jews have no historical claim to Palestine has resulted in a flurry of activity in Israel and abroad. The Israeli Knesset will soon vote on a bill passed by the Israeli Cabinet that legalizes Israel as a Jewish Â«national stateÂ». Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, who read the secret report on the Khazars, has declared that Â«Israel is the Jewish, nationalist state for the Jewish peopleÂ». With the Ashkenazi claims to Israel tenuous, at best, Netanyahu, his Likud Party, and his Jewish Orthodox and West Bank settler party allies have no other choice but to aggressively stake their nationalist claims to not only Israel but also to the West Bank Â which the nationalists refer to as Â«Judea and SamariaÂ».
However, some Israelis and Jews abroad are not taking any chances. One of the main reasons why Ukrainian Jewish billionaire tycoon Ihor Kolomoisky, the governor of UkraineÂs Dnipropetrovsk province and citizen of Ukraine, Israel, and Cyprus, is spending tens of millions of dollars on the recruitment of right-wing Ukrainian nationalists and neo-Nazis from other parts of Europe to fight against the Russian-speaking majority in the Donbass region of eastern Ukraine, is a fear that plans to turn Ukraine into a Â«second IsraelÂ» will be derailed. RussiaÂs protective measures for the Donbass, as well as its incorporation by referendum of Crimea, the latter prized by the resurgent Khazarian Jewish nationalists, threaten the transformation of Ukraine into a second homeland for Ashkenazi Jews who are finding their hold on Israel prime tenuous, at best.
The Times of IsraelÂs explosive story about the Khazarian roots of the Ashkenazis also revealed that Israel, knowing that a Palestinian state is inevitable considering the increasing pressure for it from Europe, is preparing to resettle Ashkenazi settlers in the West Bank to Ukraine. IsraelÂs advanced research in genetics resulted in a direct DNA line being established between IsraelÂs Ashkenazis and the Khazars who were dispersed across eastern and central Europe after Russia conquered the Khazarian Empire in the 11th century.
Israelis and their Zionist allies around the world have always accused proponents of the Khazarian-Ashkenazi genetic connection of deep-rooted anti-Semitism. However, the genetic research contained in the secret Israeli report confirms what Israeli historian Shlomo Sand revealed in his book, Â«The Invention of the Jewish PeopleÂ». The concept of the Khazarian bloodline was first broached by Hungarian historian Arthur Koestler in his 1976 Â«The Thirteenth TribeÂ».
The Times of Israel reporters quoted an unnamed aide to Netanyahu who revealed the plans for Israeli emigration to Ukraine: Â«We first thought that admitting we are really Khazars was one way to get around [Palestinian President Mahmoud] AbbasÂs insistence that no Jew can remain in a Palestinian state. Maybe we were grasping at straws. But when he refused to accept that, it forced us to think about more creative solutions. The Ukrainian invitation for the Jews to return was a godsend. Relocating all the settlers within Israel in a short time would be difficult for reasons of logistics and economics. We certainly donÂt want another fashlan like the expulsion of the settlers in the Gaza Hitnatkut [disengagement]Â».
Ostropoler and Grosser-Spass also quoted an anonymous Israeli intelligence source as saying: Â«WeÂre not talking about all the Ashkenazi Jews going back to Ukraine. Obviously that is not practical. The press as usual exaggerates and sensationalizes; this is why we need military censorshipÂ».
The Israeli and Ukrainian Jewish plan is to resettle the Ashkenazis from the West Bank in the Russian autonomous republic of Crimea after what they see will be an eventual retrocession of the peninsula to Ukraine. The ultimate plans of Ukrainian Zionists such as Kolomoisky, in addition to such American allies as Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Victoria Nuland and U.S. ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey Pyatt, is to establish an autonomous Jewish region of Crimea and restore to the peninsula the original Khazarian name of Chazerai. Although the Tatars who live in Crimea and elsewhere today are largely Muslims, the plans to create a Khazar nation in Ukraine will also likely involve global proselytization by Israelis and Ukrainians who are bent on restoring Khazaria as an alternative to Israel. Current Jewish proselytization efforts among Â«crypto-JewishÂ» Catholic mestizos in Mexico; Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists in India; Russian Orthodox and Buddhists in Birobidzhan, Siberia; Muslims in Pakistan and Afghanistan; and Christians, Muslims, and animists in Uganda, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Malawi; and among small pockets of alleged Jewish descendants in China, Sao Tome and Principe, Tahiti, Suriname, Vietnam, Brazil, and Peru point to an Israeli plan intent on increasing Jewish numbers for the purpose of settlement in a number of locations outside the illegally-occupied West Bank and the Golan Heights. In addition to Ukraine, northern Iraq, eastern Libya, Alexandria in Egypt, parts of Turkey, Patagonia in Argentina, and Uganda are all being considered for potential Jewish settlements to complement the West Bank or replace it. The so-called Â«Lost Tribe of Israel,Â» the Bnei Menashe of Mizoram and Manipur states of northeast India are viewed by many Indians as not actually Jewish but desperate economic migrants looking for better lives in Israel. So desperate are the Israeli expansionists to increase their numbers, dubious Jewish DNA studies have attempted to classify the Sorbs of eastern Germany; the Bantu Lemba people of Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Mozambique; and certain groups of southern Italians, Armenians, and Greeks as Â«lost tribesÂ» of Israel in order to increase JudaismÂs numbers and geographical land claims.
In Ukraine, the so-called Â«second Israel,Â» Kolomoisky and Kiev have enlisted a number of ex-Israel Defense Force members in their volunteer battalions, including the Azov Battalion, One of the Israeli units is known as the Â«Blue Helmets of MaidanÂ» and is commanded by an Israeli using the pseudonym Â«DeltaÂ». If Israel did not have a vested interest in expanding its influence in Ukraine it could easily prevent these units from going to Ukraine.
There are also Sephardic Jewish settlers in the West Bank who are descended from the Jewish Marranos of Moorish-ruled Spain who were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula during the Spanish and Portuguese inquisitions of the 15th century who have no ties to Ashkenazis or Khazaria. Recently, in a move similar to UkraineÂs invitation to the Ashkenazis from the West Bank to settle in Ukraine, Spain and Portugal have enacted legislation that would permit any Sephardic Jew anywhere in the world who can prove their descent from the Marranos expelled during the Inquisition to obtain citizenship in the two countries.
Some Russian speakers in the Donbass are wary of the intentions of pro-Israelis in the Kiev government. Oddly, Kolomoisky has recruited a number of neo-Nazis from western Ukraine and Europe to fight in his battalions whose right-wing organizations have always subscribed to the notion of a future Â«battle royaleÂ» between Russia and the remnants of Khazaria in Israel, Ukraine, Poland, and the Republic of Georgia to avenge KhazariaÂs defeat in the 11th century by the Russian Empire.
Israel provided the Georgian government of President Mikheil Saaakashvili, which included a number of dual Israeli-Georgian nationals of Khazar descent, with military and intelligence assistance in its 2008 war against South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Similarly, the Israelis have established close ties with Azerbaijan, a country, which like Georgia and Ukraine, has ancient links to Khazaria through an indigenous group of Azeri Jews known as Subbotniks.
The anonymous Netanyahu aide is also quoted by The Times of Israel journalists as revealing why the Israeli government in making a play for large Israeli settlements in Ukraine: Â«As the Prime Minister has said, no one will tell Jews where they may or may not live on the historic territory of their existence as a sovereign people. He is willing to make painful sacrifices for peace, even if that means giving up part of our biblical homeland in Judea and Samaria. But then you have to expect us to exercise our historical rights somewhere else. We decided this will be on the shores of the Black Sea, where we were an autochthonous people for more than 2000 years. Even the great non-Zionist historian Simon Dubnow said we had the right to colonize Crimea. ItÂs in all the history books. You can look it upÂ».
The aide revealed to the two Israeli journalists that Netanyahu appreciates the strength of the ancient Khazars and quote Netanyahu as saying, Â«we are a proud and ancient people whose history here goes back 4,000 yearsÂ». But the aide added, Â«The same is true of the Khazars . . . in Europe and not quite as long. But look at the map: the Khazars did not have to live within ÂAuschwitz borders.ÂÂ»
The United Nations is a tool of international Zionist power and by extension, so is the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), says an Iraqi-U.S. activist.
Jonathan Azaziah made the remarks during an email interview with the Tehran Times during the last week of December.
He also commented on the latest rounds of Western sanctions against Iran, U.S. war threats against the Islamic Republic and the role of Zionism in international politics.
Following are the excerpts of the interview:
The nucleus of the Zionist mindset, the energy source that drives those who think in this manner to behave like the inhuman monsters that they are is Jewish supremacism; the need to destroy all that it is not Jewish, the goyim, in order for "the Jewish people" to survive.
The developer of the neutron bomb, Samuel T. Cohen, was a Zionist with a strong Talmudic-Jewish upbringing, as was Robert J. Oppenheimer, the creator of the atom bomb. The supremacist need to destroy all non-Jewish peoples and cultures was close to the blackened hearts of the early leaders of the usurping Zionist entity, hence why Ben-Gurion, Dayan, Eshkol and Peres collectively came up with the "Samson Option," the military plan to unleash 'Israeli' nukes upon the world if any nation or every nation attempted to confront Zionist power.
The polar opposite of this thuggish outlook on existence, is the Islamic Revolutionary Republic of Iran, a nation whose Persian history is rooted in the very essence of creation. The finest poets, artists, mathematicians, scientists and theologians that the world has ever known originate from this great land.
The Zionist entity, in its twisted collective mind, must destroy Iran because the Islamic Republic represents everything that it is not: tolerant, beautiful, non-destructive, non-aggressive and most importantly, God fearing. Iran does not bow down to the feet of the Zionists and their rabbinical overlords, it only bows before Almighty God and for this, it has drawn the ire of the Zionists and their imperial conduit puppets. From the geopolitical perspective, the Zionist entity must not allow any Islamic nation to acquire nuclear weapons because that would neutralize its domination of the region; the annihilation of Iraq, the demolition of Libya and constant assault on nuclear-armed Pakistan are prime examples of this.
Zionism far worse than apartheid system
The term "apartheid" is an attempt to make international Zionism seem like it is innocuous or closely related with previous colonial endeavors when in reality, it is something far worse and far uglier. Apartheid is simply one facet of the Zionist regime that it is criminally and disgustingly occupying holy al-Quds and the rest of historic Palestine, as is colonization, and most importantly, they are only temporary.
The true goal of Zionism is to wipe out all non-Jewish peoples in vast parts of Egypt, including most of its north, all of Sinai and Cairo, all of Jordan, all of Kuwait, a gargantuan portion of Saudi Arabia, all of Lebanon, all of Syria, all of Cyprus, an elephantine part of Turkey up to Lake Van and finally, part of Iraq south of the Euphrates River. The expulsion and/or mass murder of these peoples would lead to the creation of the Zionist dream known as Greater Israel. So branding this usurping dragon of an entity simply as an "apartheid state" is not only incomplete, it is deceptive. And this disingenuous injection of language into the vocabularies of Palestine's supporters is also meant to deflect the attention from the root cause of this 63-year occupation: the Talmudic ideology that gave birth to Zionism, which is an amalgamation of terrorism, racism, barbarism, supremacism, expansionism and imperialism.
After all of the massacres committed against our brothers and sisters, all of the babies murdered, women raped, mosques and churches destroyed and land stolen, the least we can do is label this extremist enclave what it actually is: a fabricated entity that has no right to exist. Finally, all persons who represent this entity, all of its occupiers and squatters, must be thrown out immediately so the 8 million Palestinian refugees worldwide can finally return to their homes. We will not make peace with this usurping Jewish supremacist beast. We will never recognize this filthy entity. We will not share our lands with thieves and thugs, killers and degenerates. There will not be 'equal rights' for oppressed and oppressed. There will only be equal rights for Palestinians, the true owners of the land, and whoever that they decide will live with them, chiefly those who respect their dignity and who have fought alongside them from Nakba to Naksa to now, not those who killed them and maimed them; they will be delivered into the clutches of justice for a century of inhumanity and malevolence.
Saudi assassination plot Â a Mossad false flag
The ludicrous, ridiculous "Saudi assassination plot" has already been debunked as another Mossad false flag and I must say, it was one of the most pathetic that the Zionist regime's international intelligence directorate had concocted in quite some time. The allegations of "human rights violations" in the Islamic Republic are nothing but atrocious attempts by the Zionist-occupied U.S. government (of) -- regime change. We know this to be massively farcical.
Additionally, there is no larger violator and destroyer of human rights than the United States, which under Zionist direction, has initiated one war after another in the last 100 years and murdered tens of millions of innocents. How dare these hooligans and monsters criticize Iran for "human rights abuses" after their fire bombing of Tokyo, their nuking of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, their decimation of Dresden, Frankfurt, Hamburg, their concentration camps set up after WW2 that murdered over 1 million innocent Germans, their rape of Vietnam and Cambodia for the expansion of Jewish mob boss Meyer Lansky's criminal narcotics syndicate, their eradication of Iraq over the last 20 years, their crushing of Afghanistan, their ruining of Libya and incessant drone bombing of Pakistan, Yemen and occupied Somalia, along with their assistance in the ongoing six-decade-long brutalization of Palestine. Their hypocrisy is legendary and sickening. And the IAEA report is such a joke, such a steaming mound of rubbish that it is not even worth analyzing. It is clear that the reason for this 'trilateral attack' that you speak of is desperation.
The Iranian leadership is cool, calculated and undeterred. They have not taken the Zionist bait in responding to the multiple transgressions that the occupier of Palestine has committed against them and this display of sabr (patience) has infuriated the monsters greatly.
New round of Western sanctions against Iran
I do not believe for a second that the sanctions will bring the Islamic Revolution to its knees; not even a single second. The Persian people, first and foremost, kneel only before ALLAH (SWT) and this was proven by their triumph over the Shah and the CIA-Mossad-run counter-revolution in 1979. The would-be-invaders and 'arrogant powers' that (Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution) Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei constantly refers to know that the only way Iran will break is through all-out aggression and as described already, they are not ready for this kind of war at this juncture.
This is why we see increased cooperation between the (P)GCC countries, America and the Zionist entity, mainly the excessively large weapons deals between the House of Saud, America and Germany as well as the increased 'defense' relations between the House of Khalifa in Bahrain and the Zionist-occupied U.S. government. International Zionism loves nothing more than Muslims killing Muslims and nothing would satisfy its bloodlust quite like a 'Sunni-Shi'a, Persian-Arab' war, in which its Israeli occupation forces would not have to lift a single weapon; the goyim would do all the work for them, eliminating the usurping Jewish supremacist state's greatest enemy. The Zionists and the real power behind them, their racist genocidal rabbis, according to their satanic Talmud, view the Arab and Persian peoples as "Ishmaelites" and "Amalekites" who must be destroyed in order to erect a "Jewish Utopia" on earth, in which Jews rule over non-Jews in a sort of supremacist paradise. It is a religious duty for Zionists to murder us, steal our lands and desecrate what it is holy to us and they have the authority in their Talmud to use any and all means to do it, including using our own people against us. Therefore, the sanctions are only a precursor to what the globe holders really have in store for Iran.
Why Iran will be victorious
For 22 years, South Lebanon was savagely occupied by the monstrous Zionist entity. The righteous Islamic Resistance of Lebanon, Hezbollah, liberated its land, conquering the fourth (some say third) mightiest military in the world and rightfully humiliating it. In 2006, the Zionist entity launched a criminal war against Lebanon to avenge its defeat 6 years earlier. Unleashing cluster bombs, white phosphorus and depleted uranium on the dignified and innocent Lebanese people, the usurping regime murdered nearly 1,500 Lebanese and the unexploded cluster bombs continue killing to this very moment.
Defiantly and inspired by the steadfastness of the Lebanese people, Hezbollah defeated the Jewish supremacist entity again, crushing their plots to reoccupy Lebanon and upholding their Resistance to global Zionism. How was this small fighting force able to best such a monolithic military power? Because the faith of a people cannot be pierced with bullets or devastated by bombs. Because the dignity of a people cannot be occupied or colonized. The Zionists have no faith; they are godless, satanic supremacists. The Zionists have no dignity, they are the swindlers of humanity. Comparatively, the Palestinian people have been occupied for 63 years. Still, the Zionists have not been able to expel them to exalt their 'Greater Israel' dream. The Kashmiri people have been occupied for 64 years. Still, the Hindutvadis have been able to crush them to initiate their first phase of 'Greater Hindutva.' Why? Because like Hezbollah and the exceptional Lebanese people, the Palestinians' and Kashmiris' faith and dignity are a weapon that cannot be defeated by their occupiers. And the revolutionary Islamic Republic of Iran, like Hezbollah, the Palestinians and Kashmiris is on a greater scale, with more weaponry at its disposal. It will not give up its nuclear program nor will it bow before hollow military threats because it doesn't take orders from Zionism; Iran does not recognize Zionism or the Jewish supremacists that govern it as legitimate authorities.
Iran only takes orders from Al-Hakam (SWT), the supreme Judge of this universe. For us, Allah (SWT) is Al-Mu'izz, because He has honored us with Resistance and martyrdom if we die in our path of Resistance, giving hope to our brothers and sisters still struggling because as the Holy Qur'an says, we are alive though we are not seen. For the monsters, the enemies and the 'arrogant powers' though, Allah (SWT) is Al-Moumit, and the day of the Zionists' doom at His hands is much nearer than they think. Iran and all those who support it will be victorious.
U.S. a leader in international terrorism
There is no doubt that the United States, the 'golem' of the international Zionist Power Configuration and Jewish banking interests, is the world leader in terrorism. The US is in no moral position to condemn any government or group in the world until it fesses up to its own blood-soaked history. 100 million Native Americans exterminated. 150 million Africans, many of them Muslims, murdered in the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, which was dominated by Spanish Jews like Aaron Lopez who had an entire fleet of slaveships and financing from the Rothschild family; these Jews, who were of the extremist and now dominant Talmudic-Kabbalistic school of thought, also introduced to the Curse of Ham to their Gentile slave-trading brothers, a horrific, racist story concocted and developed by the rabbis in their Talmud which lowered the rank of our brothers and sisters of beautiful black skin to animals. This Talmudic drivel was used to justify the dehumanization of millions of others and in the greater geopolitical sense, it is now being exercised to justify more Zionist aggression on the African continent. These two historical atrocities alone show the true face of America, and its support of brutish dictators and monarchical maniacs across the globe is well-known. And while Iran's millennial history is one of peace and diplomacy with its neighbors, the U.S. has launched hundreds of wars, covert and overt over its short two-century history. There is an old Kufan saying that my uncle once shared with me, which has been around since Al-Mukhtar (RA) launched his rebellion against the Umayyads to defend the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (AS) more than 1,300 years ago, that perfectly sums up the United States' glorious fraudulence. Loosely translated from Arabic, it goes, "He who spills the most blood, talks of the most peace." I cannot think of truer words that have been spoken.
IAEA not an independent outfit
First and foremost, the IAEA is not an independent outfit like its public relations stooges would like the world to believe. The IAEA reports directly to the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council and coordinates all of its actions with these two institutions of Zionist power. Therefore, without question, it can be said that the IAEA is nothing but a tool of the UN. The same UN hasn't done a damn thing to stop Zionist tyranny in Palestine, scripting hundreds of resolutions against this racist usurping entity but enforcing none of them. The same UN has done nothing to stop Hindutvadi tyranny in Kashmir, which is intimately aided by the Zionist entity with arms and intelligence, scripting dozens of other resolutions and enforcing none of them. The same UN that introduced Resolution 661 to Iraq, the treacherous 'sanctions resolution,' which crippled Iraq, prepared it for the Zionist invasion of 2003 and murdered over 2 million people by starvation including 800,000 Iraqi children. The same UN paved the way for the mutilation of Libya, in which at least 100,000 have been mass murdered. The same UN that now seeks to turn Syria into another Iraq or Libya 2.0. And besides, what is the UN really? As is the case with all matters of history and the revisionism that follows, we must return to the beginning; the origins. The origins of the UN can be found in the financing of the same Zionist banking families, the Rothschilds, Schiffs, Warbugs, Lazards and Oppenheimers, who have financed strife on this earth for centuries. The UN was created to justify the existence of the Zionist entity as a legitimate nation-state, to put a shroud on its hideous supremacist character. Despite the illegal Jewish colonization of Palestine financed by the Rothschild family since the 1880s and the horrible Zionist atrocities of the Nakba in 1948, still the UN recognized this fabricated regime, still gave it a name and a seat. Why? Because its godfathers, the Zionist bankers, wanted it that way. The UN is a tool of international Zionist power and by extension, so is the IAEA. And if the evidence isn't clear enough, one simply needs to look at the previous IAEA head, Mohamed ElBaradei, who is hailed as a great humanitarian and even a hero, when he is nothing more than a wolf in sheep's clothing, a snake in the grass, a two-faced Zionist hypocrite who has condemned the Islamic Resistance of illegally besieged Gaza, who supports the insane 'right to exist' of the Zionist entity and who shakes hands with Israeli war criminals. While ElBaradei ran the IAEA, he sat on the board of the International Crisis Group, a highly-influential international Zionist think tank, right next to none other than Shimon Peres, George Soros and Morton Abramowitz, three of the most powerful Zionists on this planet. There is your 'IAEA independence,' yet another Zionist fraud.
Jonathan Azaziah is an Iraqi-U.S. Muslim poet, activist, analyst, writer and journalist from Brooklyn, New York. He is currently residing in Florida. His articles, poems and music deal with the subject of international Zionism. He is also a staff writer for Pakistan's premier alternative media outlet, Opinion Maker, a regular contributor to Veterans Today journal and a frequent guest and co-host of the Crescent and Cross Solidarity Movement's Ugly Truth radio broadcast.
By Thomas Gaist - 19 November 2014 The US Defense Department (DOD) is developing domestic espionage and covert operations targeting "the general public" in coordination with the intelligence establishment and police agencies, according to a New York Times report. ÂThe Times analysis showed that the military and its investigative agencies have almost as many undercover agents working inside the United States as does the F.B.I,Â the newspaper wrote. ÂWhile most of them are involved in internal policing of service members and defense contractors, a growing number are focused, in part, on the general public as part of joint federal task forces that combine military, intelligence and law enforcement specialists,Â the Times continued. Taken at face value, the report amounts to an acknowledgment by the leading media organ of the US ruling class that the American government is deploying a vast, forward-deployed counter-insurgency machine to target the US population at large. Coming directly from the horse's mouth, the Times report makes clear that espionage, deception, and covert operations are now primary instruments of the US government's domestic policy and are actively deployed by the military and security agencies against the civilian population. In preparation for a massive upsurge in the class struggle, the US ruling class is mobilizing the entire federal bureaucracy to carry out systematic and targeted political repression against the working class in the US and around the world. In addition to the DOD, at least 39 other federal security and civilian agencies, including the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Education and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), have developed increasingly ambitious forms of covert operations involving the use of undercover agents, which now inhabit Âvirtually every corner of the federal government,Â according to unnamed government officials and documents cited by the New York Times. New training programs to prepare agents to conduct Internet-based undercover sting operations have been developed by the DOD, Homeland Security (DHS) and the FBI, according to the report. DHS alone spends at least $100 million per year on the development of undercover operations, an unnamed DHS intelligence official told the Times. Total costs for operations involving undercover government agents likely total at least several hundred millions of dollars per year, the Times reported. The US Supreme Court trains its own security force in Âundercover tactics,Â which officers use to infiltrate and spy on demonstrators outside the high courtÂs facilities, the Times reported. IRS agents frequently pose as professionals, including as medical doctors, in order to gain access to privileged information, according to a former agent cited by the report. IRS internal regulations cited in the report state that Âan undercover employee or cooperating private individual may pose as an attorney, physician, clergyman or member of the news media.Â Teams of undercover agents deployed by the IRS operate in the US and internationally in a variety of guises, including as drug money launderers and expensive luxury goods buyers. The Department of Agriculture (DOA) employs at least 100 of its own covert agents, who often pretend to be food stamp users while investigating Âsuspicious vendors and fraud,Â according to the Times . Covert agents employed by the Department of Education (DOE) have embedded themselves in federally funded education programs, unnamed sources cited by the report say. Numerous other federal bureaucracies are running their own in-house espionage programs, including the Smithsonian, the Small Business Administration, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the report stated. This sprawling apparatus of spying, disruption and manipulation implicates the state in a mind-boggling range of criminal and destructive activities. Covert operations using undercover agents are conducted entirely in secret, and are funded from secret budgets and slush funds that are replenished through the ÂchurningÂ of funds seized during previous operations back into the agencies' coffers to fund the further expansion of secret programs. Secret operations orchestrated by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) on this basis are increasingly indistinguishable from those of organized crime syndicates, and give a foretaste of what can be expected from the ongoing deployment of counter-revolutionary undercover agents by military-intelligence apparatus throughout the US. In 2010, the ATF launched a series of covert operations that used state-run front businesses to seize weapons, drugs, and cash, partly by manipulating mentally disabled and drug addicted individuals, many of them teenagers, according to investigations by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel . While posing as owners of pawnshops and drug paraphernalia retail outlets, ATF agents induced cash-desperate and psychologically vulnerable individuals to carry out criminal activities including the purchase and sale of stolen weapons and illegal substances. A number of the ATF-run fake stores exposed by the Sentinel were run in Âdrug freeÂ and ÂsafeÂ zones near churches and schools. Youths were encouraged to smoke marijuana and play video games at these locations by ATF agents. In one instance reported by the Sentinel, a female agent wore revealing attire and flirted with teenage targets while inciting them to acquire weapons and illegal substances to sell to an ATF-run front business, the Sentinel found. The ATF was notorious for its operations in the 1980s where it used agents provocateurs to frame up and jail militant workers involved in industrial strikes. In one infamous case in Milburn, West Virginia an ATF informer was exposed after he tried unsuccessfully to convince striking coal miners to blow up an abandoned processing facility. The US government has steadily escalated its domestic clandestine operations in the years since the September 11, 2001, attacks. The New York Police Department (NYPD) intelligence section deployed hundreds of covert agents throughout New York City, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. As part of operations coordinated with the CIA and spanning more than a decade, the NYPD paid informants to spy on and Âbait" Muslim residents into manufactured terror plots. The security and intelligence agencies refer to this method as Âcreate and capture,Â according to a former NYPD asset cited by the Associated Press . It is now obvious these surveillance and infiltration programs, initially focusing on Muslim neighborhoods, were only the first stage in the implementation of a comprehensive espionage and counter-insurgency system targeting the US population. Large numbers of informers and FBI agents infiltrated the Occupy Wall Street protests in 2011. Historically, secret police groups targeted the political and class enemies of the capitalist state using the pretext of defending the nation from dangerous ÂforeignÂ elements. Among the first covert police sections established by the imperialist powers were the British ÂSpecial Branch,Â originally established as the ÂSpecial Irish BranchÂ in 1883 to target groups opposed to British domination of Ireland. ÂSpecial BranchÂ police intelligence forces were subsequently set up throughout the commonwealth to run cloak-and-dagger missions in service of British imperialism. Similarly, in an early effort by the US ruling class to develop a secret police force, New York City police commissioner established ÂItalian SquadÂ in 1906 to carry out undercover activities against socialist-minded workers in the city's immigrant and working class areas.
By Daniel Fisher - Forbes Staff - 11/06/2014 - Forbes.com
Lawyers representing victims of the 9/11 attacks asked a New York court to delay a deadline in their litigation so they can assess claims by Zacarias Moussaoui, the so-called Â20th hijacker,Â that a member of the Saudi royal family helped him in his failed effort to participate in the terror plot.
Moussaoui, in a handwritten letter to U.S. District Judge George B. Daniels in New York, said ÂI want to meet you and testifyÂ about the involvement of the Saudi Bin Laden Group and other Saudi figures including members of the ruling al Saud family and the late Khalid bin Mahfouz, who founded the Bank of Credit and Commerce International and was widely accused of funding al Qaeda.
Jerry Goldman, an attorney for 9/11 victims, said he and other members of the plaintiffsÂ team traveled two weeks ago to ADX Florence, the ÂSupermaxÂ prison in Colorado where Moussaoui is serving life without parole. Goldman said the Justice Dept. is reviewing the transcript of their meeting and until the government is done, he canÂt discuss what was said Â for obvious reasons. Radical lawyer Lynne Stewart was sentenced to 10 years in prison for relaying conversations with her client, the blind cleric Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman, to compatriots overseas without government clearance.
The case against the Saudi government, by victims and insurance companies that paid claims in the attack, was revived after the Second Circuit Court of Appeals reversed a lower courtÂs dismissal. The plaintiffs filed an amended complaint in September, which the Saudis again asked to dismiss, and a plaintiff response is due next week.
ÂWe asked the court for an extension because the DOJ wants to review certain documents,Â Goldman said, including the transcript of the Moussaoui interview. ÂWe believe the material is relevant to the proceedings of the court.Â
Moussaoui first contacted lawyers about testifying in civil lawsuits after seeing the verdict in the Arab Bank case last month on TV, according to this report by Allison Frankel at Reuters.
ÂI want to testify against financial institutions such as Arab Bank , Saudi American Bank, the National Commercial Bank of Saudi ArabiaÂ and several individuals, Moussaoui wrote in a note to the New York court in that case, Âfor their support and financing of Usama bin Laden and Al Qaeda from the time of the Eastern Africa embassy bombing, U.S.S. Cole bombing and 9/11.Â
Whether MoussaouiÂs testimony will help the plaintiffs is unknown. Moussaoui was arrested before the 9/11 attacks in August 2001 on immigration charges after officials became suspicious about his attending a flight-training school in Minnesota. While he had contacts with the other 9/11 hijackers, his credibility would be challenged by his changing claims of involvement in the plot. He ultimately pleaded guilty to involvement even as 9/11 planner Khalid Sheik Mohammed claimed he wasnÂt part of the team.
Lawyers for insurance companies and individual plaintiffs argue Saudi Arabia provided direct logistical and financial support to the 9/11 terrorists, 15 of whom were Saudi citizens, through charities it controlled and undercover operatives working in the U.S. To bolster the argument that this case involves U.S. plaintiffs suing over torts committed on U.S. soil, lawyers detail a series of suspicious contacts between Saudi agents and Al Qaeda including Omar Bayoumi, who allegedly held a do-nothing job with a a Saudi aviation firm called Dallah Avco and helped support 9/11 hijackers in San Diego.
Historian Richard Dowden & Commonwealth Activist Jack Sen Explain How Apartheid Was In Fact an English Creation
It peeves me to no end when Marxist liberals tell me that minority South Africans have no business being in the country, let alone on the continent!
The ludicrous Leftist notion that non-indigenous people have the right to be in Europe because borders are a social construct, but not in South Africa, is utterly farcical and an egregious example of liberal hypocrisy.
Besides-when it comes to Africa, not only does it run contrary to natural order, but counter to how the indigenous have been divvying up their nations since time immemorial.
The tribes inhabiting southern Africa have lived by the spear for millennia. Land has typically been held by the tribe wielding the biggest spear. Why should the European tribe that settled, conquered and developed that land not be afforded that same privilege?
Although I am in no way criticising my beloved Britain, or condoning the oppression of indigenous populations on any continent, why condemn white South Africans for Apartheid, when it was in fact a British creation-one as English as afternoon Earl Grey tea and scones?
The great Winston Churchill and before him-Cecil Rhodes, were the men that sowed the seeds that were to develop into Apartheid. Thats historical fact.
They believed that Britain had a divine destiny to rule the world. Pax Britannica-a modern day Roman empire led by Anglo Saxon men with a weltanschaunng penned by god himself, was the only way forward in their minds
And people often forget about Jan Smuts the infamous Afrikaner supporter of the British Empire, who was instrumental in Apartheids development. Like Churchill, Smuts has a statue in Londons Parliament Square, not in Suid Afrika where all three men will go down in infamy.
So, certainly I can see why the Afrikaner people get defensive when we Brits point our fingers at them.
Id suggest your readers have a look at historian Richard Dowdens essay on the matter for an depth analysis on what Apartheid was and the men behind it. Dowdens essay, originally published in the Telegraph I believe on the origins of South African Apartheid, is as revealing as it is accurate.
Taken from a phone interview we did with Commonwealth advocate & South African minority rights proponent, Jack Sen.
Apartheid: Made in Britain
by Richard Dowden
IN THE days leading up to the South African election we will be told by journalists and commentators that democracy has finally arrived in South Africa and that black South Africans will be voting for the first time. Neither statement is quite true.
Democracy has a long, if contorted, history in South Africa. For nearly 100 years there was a non-racial franchise and the electoral role did not become exclusively white until 1956. The Coloured Vote Bill in that year was the final blow to a non-racial democracy which had been whittled away over the decades. Like many apartheid laws passed by the National Party government in the Fifties, it was not a radical departure from the past. The legislation which created apartheid was based on existing laws and in many cases simply tightened or tidied them.
The myth that there has never been democracy in South Africa is linked to a second myth. Most people think they know that apartheid was an invention of the Afrikaners and their belief that South Africa should be ruled exclusively by whites. Conversely, it is usually thought that the English tradition in South Africa was non-racial and democratic. In fact, the British tradition, as purveyed by both English-speaking South Africans and the parliament at Westminster, has played a less than glorious role in establishing democracy.
As Jack Sen points out, it was two renowned Englishmen, Cecil Rhodes and Winston Churchill, who at crucial moments in South Africas history, created the policies which deprived black people of democratic rights in South Africa.
Lets take Rhodes first, the Bishops Stortford boy who wanted to build an African empire from Cairo to the Cape, who invented Rhodesia and left us with the De Beers diamond monopoly and 160 Rhodes scholarships at Oxford. A millionaire from diamonds and gold before the age of 30, Rhodes became Prime Minister of the Cape in 1890. For more than 40 years the Cape had had a non-racial franchise which allowed anyone, irrespective of race, with property worth pounds 25 or wages of pounds 50 a year to vote for representatives in an Assembly which made laws for the colony.
Rhodes believed that the world should be ruled by the Anglo Saxon and Teutonic races: one of his dreams was to force the United States of America back into the British Empire. Although Africans represented a minority of voters and did not vote as a block, Rhodes passed two laws simultaneously which caused large numbers of them to be struck off the electoral role. One, the Glen Grey Act, limited the amount of land Africans could hold; the other tripled the property qualification for the vote. Many Africans now had insufficient property to qualify and would find it almost impossible to get back on the list because of the legal limit on the amount of land they could hold.
The next blow to democracy came after the Boer war. Elsewhere in the world the imperial government in London exercised a veto over its colonialists to protect the interests of the native people of the colony from the settlers. In Kenya, for example, London blocked several attempts by colonists to make Kenya a white mans country. Ultimately, in Rhodesia, Britain imposed sanctions to reverse Ian Smiths Declaration of Independence. In South Africa, however, the veto was abandoned when the Union of South Africa Act was passed in 1910 and the man who played a vital role in its abandonment was Churchill.
If you read the debates that led up to the Act of Union, the most striking thing is that the words racial conflict referred to the Anglo- Boer war. What we would call the racial issue was then the native problem. The British had fought the war partly, it was said, to protect the interests of the natives from the Boers, the Afrikaners.
During the war the British had encouraged Africans to work for British victory, which they did in large numbers. With victory, Britain might have been expected to extend the Cape non-racial franchise to the conquered territories of the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony so that blacks would be represented in the whole territory the way they had been in the British colony. But not only did they not do so, they also limited the native vote to the Cape. Africans were to have no say in the election of a national parliament, although they retained their voting rights to the Cape parliament.
The young Churchill, then Under-Secretary for the Colonies, had covered the South African war as a journalist and had been captured by and escaped from the Boers. His knowledge and influence in making the agreement after peace was signed was crucial. In a debate in July 1906 he called the peace treaty the first real step taken to withdraw South African affairs from the arena of British party politics. He argued passionately that the Afrikaners should be allowed self-rule, a self-rule which he admitted would mean that black Africans would be excluded from the vote.
In parliament he told those who pointed out that the treaty had enshrined the rights of Africans that the Afrikaners interpreted the peace treaty differently. He said: We must be bound by the interpretation which the other party places on it and it is undoubted that the Boers would regard it as a breach of that treaty if the franchise were in the first instance extended to any persons who are not white.
When South Africa was discussed four years later, Churchills successor tried to reassure parliament that the Afrikaners would come round to the view that it was wiser to include Africans in the franchise. A delegations of Africans from the South African Native Congress, the forerunner of the ANC, came to lobby parliament at Westminster, but to no avail.
Because of Churchill and his policy the British parliament had already washed its hands of responsibility for the rights of its black citizens in South Africa. When the new parliament in South Africa passed the Land Act, making it illegal for Africans to purchase land from Europeans anywhere outside the reserves, a delegation of Africans who came to London to protest were told that it was a matter for the South African parliament.
The deputy leader of the party which passed the Land Act was Jan Smuts. He had fought against the British and his troops had been responsible for massacres of unarmed Africans acting as drivers and porters for the British army. After the war he played a crucial role in striking the deal between Britain and the Afrikaners and is usually regarded as the man who represented liberal democratic values in South Africa. In fact, Smuts believed that South Africa should be a white mans country and he believed in segregation which is simply English for apartheid.
He passed the first piece of legislation which separated white and black areas and in 1920 the Native (Urban Areas) Act which laid down the principle of residential segregation in urban areas, keeping blacks away from white residential areas. He also initiated the principle of reserving jobs for whites in the Mines and Work Act. In the 1929 Black Peril election, when fear of being dominated by Africans became the major issue, Smuts demanded that the rate of black integration into white society must be curtailed. He also called for South African influence to be extended north and east in the creation of a British Confederation of African States.
Smuts lost that election to J B Hertzogs National Party, but five years later they formed a coalition and democracy took another blow. The Native Representation Act of 1936 took away the franchise from Africans in the Cape. Instead, Africans in the whole country were to be able to elect four white men to represent them on a council, with eight other appointed members. Although coloureds remained on the Cape electoral role until 1956, the 1936 act was the final stage in a long retreat from democracy in South Africa.
When the National Party won the 1948 election on the platform of apartheid, it did not have radically to rewrite South Africas laws. The foundations of apartheid were already in place. Sex outside marriage between races was already banned, but it was carried to its logical conclusion in the 1949 Mixed Marriages Act and the Immorality Act of the following year which banned any sex between races.
The Native Laws Amendment Act, built on Smuts Native (Urban Areas) Act, redefined which Africans were allowed into urban areas. The laws affecting the various pass laws that were already in existence were amalgamated into the Abolition of Passes and Consolidation of Documents Act and forced all Africans to carry a single pass. It was made a criminal offence not to produce the pass book when required by the police.
Various laws relating to urban affairs which prescribed segregation were gathered into the Group Areas Act which made separation absolute and gave the government powers to define an area as White, Black, Indian or Coloured. The Industrial Conciliation Act built on the foundations of Smuts Mines and Work Act to restrict further black rights at work. On the crucial issue of land, the Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act gave the government power to move African tenants from privately or publicly owned land and tidy up the land into segregated areas. This was the completion of legislation which began with Cecil Rhodes Glen Grey Act, nearly 50 years before.
The arrival or rather rearrival of non-racial democracy in South Africa is clearly cause for celebration, but it should not be an occasion for British self-satisfaction that Western-style democracy and the Mother of Parliaments have won another convert. Perhaps, though, there should be half a cheer for Churchills colleague, Lord Elgin, the Secretary of State for the Colonies, who in 1906 expressed the fervent wish that the Afrikaners would, in some time to come, see the good sense of granting reasonable representation to the natives. I suppose you could say his wish has come true at last.
Richard Dowden writes on African news and politics, for The Independent, The Times and The Economist.
Jack Sen is a British Commonwealth advocate.
Die swart stamme wat in Suid-Afrika woon, het vir eeue met hul spies en skild gewoon n land wat tipies regeer is deur die stam wat die spies die meeste rondgeswaai het. Hoekom moet die Europese (wit) stam wat ook hier vir eeue gevestig, ontwikkel en oorwin het, nie dieselfde geleentheid gebied word? Jack Sen
Everything is coming together. DNA Science has torn back the curtains of time and revealed the Serpent and his people. The ones we today call âJewsâ are the very disciples of the evil entity whom the Bible describes as, âthat old serpent, the devil.â
From the early centuries of the first millennia, the Khazars of Eastern Europe were known as the diabolical âSerpent People,â and now, the nation of Israel has admitted that its people are indeed, the Khazars.
The admission by the Israelis that the Jews are not related to ancient Israel but to Khazaria was reported in The Times of Israel (Leaked Report: Israel Acknowledges Jews in fact Khazars; Secret Plan for Reverse Migration to Ukraine, March 18, 2014). That article, by Professor Jim Wald, related that the Israeli leadership in Jerusalem is sending military equipment and settlers from Israel to Ukraine.
The Jews have taken charge of that ravaged countryâs government and finances and intend eventually to make the Ukraine a âsecond homelandâ for the Jews.
Their plan, leaked by governmental insiders, came only after Netanyahu and his cabinet reviewed growing DNA genetic evidence that the Jews are not the descendants of Abraham. Instead, they came from Khazaria, of which Kiev, Ukraine is the centerpiece. In fact, the Jews of Israel and the U.S. are of Ukrainian heritage. Ukraine is in the heartland of Khazaria.
Back to Khazaria The rabbis teach that in the eighth century, the entire nation of Khazaria converted to the Talmud and to kabbalistic Judaism. Adopting the sordid, but occultly revealing, sex symbol of the six-pointed star, the pagan Khazars, known for centuries as the âSerpent People,â battled against both Christians and Islamists. Later, as converted âJewsâ they migrated to Poland and Eastern Europe. Today they are found mostly in the U.S.A. and in Israel.
DNA Science has today confirmed this Khazar lineage of the Jews. I document the Khazar bloodline heritage in my definitive book, DNA Science and the Jewish Bloodline.
The Khazars, identified in Revelation 2 and 3 as the wicked âSynagogue of Satan,â are further identified in Ezekiel 38 and 39 prophetically as the people of Gog, from the land of Magog. Prophecy clearly tells us that this warlike serpentine people shall invade and conquer Israel first, then go on to plunge the entire planet into chaos and warfare (Revelation 20).
From Khazaria to Israel, and back to Khazaria (Ukraine) is Israelâs secret plan. After suppressing the Ukraine nation, the Jewish conquests will continue until the Jews achieve their New World Order.
Domination of America In 2007, American political science professors James Petras, John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt reached the conclusion that Americaâs foreign policy is now dominated by the Israel Lobby. The Jews do this through their powerful monied groups, AIPAC, the ADL, and the AJC. They control both the Republican and the Democrat Parties, and the White House does their bidding. That bidding includes the conquest of Ukraine.
But, how did the Jews come to acknowledge their Khazarian bloodline link? Professor Jim Wald notes in The Times of Israel:
âThe surprising turn of events had an even more surprising origin: Genetics, a field in which Israeli scholars have long excelled.âIt is well known that sometime in the eighth and ninth centuries, the Khazars, a warlike Turkic people, converted to Judaism and ruled over a vast domain in what became southern Russia and Ukraine. What happened to them after the Russians destroyed that empire around the eleventh century has become a mystery. Many have speculated that the Khazars became the ancestors of Ashkenazi Jews. âDuring the U.N. debate over Palestineâs partition, Chaim Weizman respondedâŠ âIt is very strange. All my life I have been a Jew, felt like a Jew, and I now learn that I am a Khazar.ââ
A Blue-Ribbon Team of Scholars The 2012 genetic discoveries by Dr. Eran Elhaik of the prestigious Johns Hopkins Medical University, that the Jews are not of ancient Israel but originated in Khazaria, stunned the Israelis. It has now been followed by other high-level scientific research. Wald reports that, âa blueribbon team of scholars from leading research institutions and museumsâ was then appointed to study the DNA.
A blue-ribbon committee of scientists reviewed the DNA and other evidence and told the Israeli government that, indeed, the Jews are of the Khazarian bloodline. Prime Minister Netanyahu has secretly decided to settle Jews in Ukraine, and infuse that country with military and intelligence officials. In essence, the Jews will make Ukraine, centerpiece of ancient Khazaria, a second homeland for the Jews.
These authorities, said Wald, âissued a secret report to the government acknowledging the fact that European Jews are in fact Khazars.â
The Ukraine Solution: Two Jewish Homelands At first, this result was deemed unhappy, even ominous, but, says Wald, Prime Minister Netanyahu and his advisors surprised us by bringing in their âUkraine Solution.â Some Jewish settlers would leave Israel and return to Ukraine. This resettling into Ukraine would take time, for reasons of logistics and economics. The end result, however, would be two Jewish homelands, Israel and Ukraine.
âWeâre not talking about all the Ashkenazi Jews going back to Ukraine,â explained a well-placed source in intelligence circles, âobviously this is not practical.â
Wald calls this solution âKhazaria 2.0.â âAll Jews will be welcomed back to Ukraine without condition as citizens.â Whatâs more, the Israeli government promises an âinfusion of massive Israeli military assistanceâ to Ukraine, âincluding troops, equipment, and construction of new bases.â
âIf the initial transfer works, other West Bank settlers would be encouraged to relocate to Ukraine as well.â
In effect, Ukraine is to become an âautonomous Jewish domain,â a small-scale successor to the medieval empire of KhazariaâŠ It would be called, in Yiddish, Chazerai.
âBy lining up with the Syrian rebels and Ukraine, as well as Georgia and Azerbaijanâ (also part of the ancient Khazarian territory), one source explains, Netanyahu âputs pressure on both Syria and Russia.â
Israel and U.S. Stage a Bloody Coup in Ukraine Thus, we understand the current Ukraine political mess. The Jews launched the quest for their new Ukrainian homeland. They have support from the United States, as witnessâthe Jewish diplomat, Victoria Nuland, of the State Department. The U.S. is warning Vladimir Putin to keep a distance from Ukraine and to relinquish Russiaâs historic ties to that nation, now ruled by Israel.
The constitutionally elected Ukrainian President, Yanukovych, was overthrown last year by the U.S. and Israel, with the CIA and the Mossad both deeply involved. A Jewish billionaire, Petro Poroshenko, was quickly installed as President. Jewish money and military might is constantly being flown into Ukraine. Ukrainian Christians (not Jews!) are being slaughtered. Genocide is underway.
All property is being appropriated by Jewish oligarchs. The Israelis learned in Turkey (1905), the Soviet Union (1917), and Palestine (1948) how to work as a corrupt and calculating âminorityâ to dominate a larger, gentile majority.
Pity the Ukranian People We should all feel great pity and sorrow for the suffering Ukrainian people. They are being massacred and oppressed by the arrogant Zionist Jews who have, with Americaâs help, now become the âslave masters of Ukraine.â Even the concentration camps have been reopened and are filling up with native Ukrainians.
Israelâs oligarchs, under Poroshenkoâs iron hand, are dividing up the spoils of their Ukrainian takeover. The economy is fallingâit has sank to only forty percent of its pre-2013 level. Israel is stealing natural gas and oil from the destabilized Middle East and selling it for huge profits to energy-starved Ukraine. Everything will change.
The U.S. Has Already Completed Regime Change In Syria (1949), Iran (1953), Iraq (Twice), Afghanistan (Twice), Turkey, Libya and Other Oil-Rich Countries
By Washington's Blog - Global Research, September 18, 2014
As early as 1949, Syria, this newly independent Arab republic, was an important staging ground for the CIAâs earliest experiments in covert action. The CIA secretly encouraged a right-wing military coup in 1949. In late 1945, the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO) announced plans to construct the Trans-Arabian Pipe Line (TAPLINE) from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterra- nean. With U.S. help, ARAMCO secured rights-of-way from Lebanon, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. The Syrian right-of-way was stalled in parliament.
Everyone knows that the U.S. and its allies have heavily backed Islamic terrorists in Syria in an attempt to implement regime change in that country.
But did you know that the U.S. previously carried out regime change in Syria?
The CIA backed a right-wing coup in Syria in 1949. Douglas Little, Professor, Department of Clark University History professor Douglas Little notes:
As early as 1949, this newly independent Arab republic was an important staging ground for the CIAâs earliest experiments in covert action. The CIA secretly encouraged a right-wing military coup in 1949.
The reason the U.S. initiated the coup? Little explains:
In late 1945, the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO) announced plans to construct the Trans-Arabian Pipe Line (TAPLINE) from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterra- nean. With U.S. help, ARAMCO secured rights-of-way from Lebanon, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. The Syrian right-of-way was stalled in parliament.
In other words, Syria was the sole holdout for the lucrative oil pipeline.
(Indeed, the CIA has carried out this type of covert action right from the start.)
In 1957, the American president and British prime minister agreed to launch regime change again in Syria. Historian Little notes that the coup plot was discovered and stopped:
On August 12, 1957, the Syrian army surrounded the U.S. embassy in Damascus. Claiming to have aborted a CIA plot to overthrow neutralist President Shukri Quwatly and install a pro-Western regime, Syrian chief of counterintelligence Abdul Hamid Sarraj expelled three U.S. diplomats âŠ.
Syrian counterintelligence chief Sarraj reacted swiftly on August 12, expelling Stone and other CIA agents, arresting their accomplices and placing the U.S. embassy under surveillance.
Neoconservatives planned regime change in Syria once again in 1991.
And as Nafeez Ahmed notes:
According to former French foreign minister Roland Dumas, Britain had planned covert action in Syria as early as 2009: âI was in England two years before the violence in Syria on other business,â he told French television: âI met with top British officials, who confessed to me that they were preparing something in Syria. This was in Britain not in America. Britain was preparing gunmen to invade Syria.â
Leaked emails from the private intelligence firm Stratfor, including notes from a meeting with Pentagon officials, confirmed that as of 2011, US and UK special forces training of Syrian opposition forces was well underway. The goal was to elicit the âcollapseâ of Assadâs regime âfrom within.â
Everyone knows that the U.S. toppled Saddam Hussein during the Iraq War.
But did you know that the U.S. previously carried out regime change in Iraq?
Specifically, the CIA plotted to poison the Iraqi leader in 1960. In 1963, the U.S. backed the coup which succeeded in killing the head of Iraq.
Recently, Iraq has started to break apart as a nation. USA Today notes, âIraq is already splitting into three statesâ. Many say that is by design âŠ a form of regime change.
Everyone knows that regime change in Iran has been a long-term goal of the hawks in Washington.
But do you know that the U.S. already carried out regime change in Iran in 1953 âŠ which led to radicalization of the country in the first place?
Specifically, the CIA admits that the U.S. overthrew the moderate, suit-and-tie-wearing, Democratically-elected prime minister of Iran in 1953. (He was overthrown because he had nationalized Iranâs oil, which had previously been controlled by BP and other Western oil companies). As part of that action, the CIA admits that it hired Iranians to pose as Communists and stage bombings in Iran in order to turn the country against its prime minister.
If the U.S. hadnât overthrown the moderate Iranian government, the fundamentalist Mullahs would have never taken over. Iran has been known for thousands of years for tolerating Christians and other religious minorities.
Hawks in the U.S. government been pushing for another round of regime change in Iran for decades.
The CIA has acknowledged that it was behind the 1980 coup in Turkey.
The U.S. obviously bombed the Taliban into submission during the Afghanistan war.
But Hillary Clinton and then-president Jimmy Carterâs National Security Adviser have both admitted on the record that the U.S. previously carried out regime change in Afghanistan in the 1970s by backing Bin Laden and the Mujahadin âŠ the precursor to Al Qaeda.
Not only did the U.S. engage in direct military intervention against Gadafi, but also â as confirmed by a group of CIA officers â armed Al Qaeda so that they would help topple Gaddafi.
Indeed, the U.S. has carried out coups and destabilization campaigns all over the world âŠ creating chaos.
And see this. http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/08/roots-iraq-war-plantedplanned-1948.html
George Orwell. Photograph: Public Domain "It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen."
Robert McCrum - The Observer, Saturday 9 May 2009
In 1946 Observer editor David Astor lent George Orwell a remote Scottish farmhouse in which to write his new book, Nineteen Eighty-Four. It became one of the most significant novels of the 20th century. Here, Robert McCrum tells the compelling story of Orwell's torturous stay on the island where the author, close to death and beset by creative demons, was engaged in a feverish race to finish the book.
Sixty years after the publication of Orwell's masterpiece, Nineteen Eighty-Four, that crystal first line sounds as natural and compelling as ever. But when you see the original manuscript, you find something else: not so much the ringing clarity, more the obsessive rewriting, in different inks, that betrays the extraordinary turmoil behind its composition.
Probably the definitive novel of the 20th century, a story that remains eternally fresh and contemporary, and whose terms such as "Big Brother", "doublethink" and "newspeak" have become part of everyday currency, Nineteen Eighty-Four has been translated into more than 65 languages and sold millions of copies worldwide, giving George Orwell a unique place in world literature.
"Orwellian" is now a universal shorthand for anything repressive or totalitarian, and the story of Winston Smith, an everyman for his times, continues to resonate for readers whose fears for the future are very different from those of an English writer in the mid-1940s.
The circumstances surrounding the writing of Nineteen Eighty-Four make a haunting narrative that helps to explain the bleakness of Orwell's dystopia. Here was an English writer, desperately sick, grappling alone with the demons of his imagination in a bleak Scottish outpost in the desolate aftermath of the second world war. The idea for Nineteen Eighty-Four, alternatively, "The Last Man in Europe", had been incubating in Orwell's mind since the Spanish civil war. His novel, which owes something to Yevgeny Zamyatin's dystopian fiction We, probably began to acquire a definitive shape during 1943-44, around the time he and his wife, Eileen adopted their only son, Richard. Orwell himself claimed that he was partly inspired by the meeting of the Allied leaders at the Tehran Conference of 1944. Isaac Deutscher, an Observer colleague, reported that Orwell was "convinced that Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt consciously plotted to divide the world" at Tehran.
Orwell had worked for David Astor's Observer since 1942, first as a book reviewer and later as a correspondent. The editor professed great admiration for Orwell's "absolute straightforwardness, his honesty and his decency", and would be his patron throughout the 1940s. The closeness of their friendship is crucial to the story of Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Orwell's creative life had already benefited from his association with the Observer in the writing of Animal Farm. As the war drew to a close, the fruitful interaction of fiction and Sunday journalism would contribute to the much darker and more complex novel he had in mind after that celebrated "fairy tale". It's clear from his Observer book reviews, for example, that he was fascinated by the relationship between morality and language.
There were other influences at work. Soon after Richard was adopted, Orwell's flat was wrecked by a doodlebug. The atmosphere of random terror in the everyday life of wartime London became integral to the mood of the novel-in-progress. Worse was to follow. In March 1945, while on assignment for the Observer in Europe, Orwell received the news that his wife, Eileen, had died under anaesthesia during a routine operation.
Suddenly he was a widower and a single parent, eking out a threadbare life in his Islington lodgings, and working incessantly to dam the flood of remorse and grief at his wife's premature death. In 1945, for instanc e, he wrote almost 110,000 words for various publications, including 15 book reviews for the Observer.
Now Astor stepped in. His family owned an estate on the remote Scottish island of Jura, next to Islay. There was a house, Barnhill, seven miles outside Ardlussa at the remote northern tip of this rocky finger of heather in the Inner Hebrides. Initially, Astor offered it to Orwell for a holiday. Speaking to the Observer last week, Richard Blair says he believes, from family legend, that Astor was taken aback by the enthusiasm of Orwell's response.
In May 1946 Orwell, still picking up the shattered pieces of his life, took the train for the long and arduous journey to Jura. He told his friend Arthur Koestler that it was "almost like stocking up ship for an arctic voyage".
It was a risky move; Orwell was not in good health. The winter of 1946-47 was one of the coldest of the century. Postwar Britain was bleaker even than wartime, and he had always suffered from a bad chest. At least, cut off from the irritations of literary London, he was free to grapple unencumbered with the new novel. "Smothered under journalism," as he put it, he told one friend, "I have become more and more like a sucked orange."
Ironically, part of Orwell's difficulties derived from the success of Animal Farm. After years of neglect and indifference the world was waking up to his genius. "Everyone keeps coming at me," he complained to Koestler, "wanting me to lecture, to write commissioned booklets, to join this and that, etc - you don't know how I pine to be free of it all and have time to think again."
On Jura he would be liberated from these distractions but the promise of creative freedom on an island in the Hebrides came with its own price. Years before, in the essay "Why I Write", he had described the struggle to complete a book: "Writing a book is a horrible, exhausting struggle, like a long bout of some painful illness. One would never undertake such a thing if one were not driven by some demon whom one can neither resist or [sic] understand. For all one knows that demon is the same instinct that makes a baby squall for attention. And yet it is also true that one can write nothing readable unless one constantly struggles to efface one's personality." Then that famous Orwellian coda. "Good prose is like a window pane."
From the spring of 1947 to his death in 1950 Orwell would re-enact every aspect of this struggle in the most painful way imaginable. Privately, perhaps, he relished the overlap between theory and practice. He had always thrived on self-inflicted adversity.
At first, after "a quite unendurable winter", he revelled in the isolation and wild beauty of Jura. "I am struggling with this book," he wrote to his agent, "which I may finish by the end of the year - at any rate I shall have broken the back by then so long as I keep well and keep off journalistic work until the autumn."
Barnhill, overlooking the sea at the top of a potholed track, was not large, with four small bedrooms above a spacious kitchen. Life was simple, even primitive. There was no electricity. Orwell used Calor gas to cook and to heat water. Storm lanterns burned paraffin. In the evenings he also burned peat. He was still chain-smoking black shag tobacco in roll-up cigarettes: the fug in the house was cosy but not healthy. A battery radio was the only connection with the outside world.
Orwell, a gentle, unworldly sort of man, arrived with just a camp bed, a table, a couple of chairs and a few pots and pans. It was a spartan existence but supplied the conditions under which he liked to work. He is remembered here as a spectre in the mist, a gaunt figure in oilskins.
The locals knew him by his real name of Eric Blair, a tall, cadaverous, sad-looking man worrying about how he would cope on his own. The solution, when he was joined by baby Richard and his nanny, was to recruit his highly competent sister, Avril. Richard Blair remembers that his father "could not have done it without Avril. She was an excellent cook, and very practical. None of the accounts of my father's time on Jura recognise how essential she was."
Once his new regime was settled, Orwell could finally make a start on the book. At the end of May 1947 he told his publisher, Fred Warburg: "I think I must have written nearly a third of the rough draft. I have not got as far as I had hoped to do by this time because I really have been in most wretched health this year ever since about January (my chest as usual) and can't quite shake it off."
Mindful of his publisher's impatience for the new novel, Orwell added: "Of course the rough draft is always a ghastly mess bearing little relation to the finished result, but all the same it is the main part of the job." Still, he pressed on, and at the end of July was predicting a completed "rough draft" by October. After that, he said, he would need another six months to polish up the text for publication. But then, disaster.
Part of the pleasure of life on Jura was that he and his young son could enjoy the outdoor life together, go fishing, explore the island, and potter about in boats. In August, during a spell of lovely summer weather, Orwell, Avril, Richard and some friends, returning from a hike up the coast in a small motor boat, were nearly drowned in the infamous Corryvreckan whirlpool.
Richard Blair remembers being "bloody cold" in the freezing water, and Orwell, whose constant coughing worried his friends, did his lungs no favours. Within two months he was seriously ill. Typically, his account to David Astor of this narrow escape was laconic, even nonchalant.
The long struggle with "The Last Man in Europe" continued. In late October 1947, oppressed with "wretched health", Orwell recognised that his novel was still "a most dreadful mess and about two-thirds of it will have to be retyped entirely".
He was working at a feverish pace. Visitors to Barnhill recall the sound of his typewriter pounding away upstairs in his bedroom. Then, in November, tended by the faithful Avril, he collapsed with "inflammation of the lungs" and told Koestler that he was "very ill in bed". Just before Christmas, in a letter to an Observer colleague, he broke the news he had always dreaded. Finally he had been diagnosed with TB.
A few days later, writing to Astor from Hairmyres hospital, East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, he admitted: "I still feel deadly sick," and conceded that, when illness struck after the Corryvreckan whirlpool incident, "like a fool I decided not to go to a doctor - I wanted to get on with the book I was writing." In 1947 there was no cure for TB - doctors prescribed fresh air and a regular diet - but there was a new, experimental drug on the market, streptomycin. Astor arranged for a shipment to Hairmyres from the US.
Richard Blair believes that his father was given excessive doses of the new wonder drug. The side effects were horrific (throat ulcers, blisters in the mouth, hair loss, peeling skin and the disintegration of toe and fingernails) but in March 1948, after a three-month course, the TB symptoms had disappeared. "It's all over now, and evidently the drug has done its stuff," Orwell told his publisher. "It's rather like sinking the ship to get rid of the rats, but worth it if it works."
As he prepared to leave hospital Orwell received the letter from his publisher which, in hindsight, would be another nail in his coffin. "It really is rather important," wrote Warburg to his star author, "from the point of view of your literary career to get it [the new novel] by the end of the year and indeed earlier if possible."
Just when he should have been convalescing Orwell was back at Barnhill, deep into the revision of his manuscript, promising Warburg to deliver it in "early December", and coping with "filthy weather" on autumnal Jura. Early in October he confided to Astor: "I have got so used to writing in bed that I think I prefer it, though of course it's awkward to type there. I am just struggling with the last stages of this bloody book [which is] about the possible state of affairs if the atomic war isn't conclusive."
This is one of Orwell's exceedingly rare references to the theme of his book. He believed, as many writers do, that it was bad luck to discuss work-in-progress. Later, to Anthony Powell, he described it as "a Utopia written in the form of a novel". The typing of the fair copy of "The Last Man in Europe" became another dimension of Orwell's battle with his book. The more he revised his "unbelievably bad" manuscript the more it became a document only he could read and interpret. It was, he told his agent, "extremely long, even 125,000 words". With characteristic candour, he noted: "I am not pleased with the book but I am not absolutely dissatisfied... I think it is a good idea but the execution would have been better if I had not written it under the influence of TB."
And he was still undecided about the title: "I am inclined to call it NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR or THE LAST MAN IN EUROPE," he wrote, "but I might just possibly think of something else in the next week or two." By the end of October Orwell believed he was done. Now he just needed a stenographer to help make sense of it all.
It was a desperate race against time. Orwell's health was deteriorating, the "unbelievably bad" manuscript needed retyping, and the December deadline was looming. Warburg promised to help, and so did Orwell's agent. At cross-purposes over possible typists, they somehow contrived to make a bad situation infinitely worse. Orwell, feeling beyond help, followed his ex-public schoolboy's instincts: he would go it alone.
By mid-November, too weak to walk, he retired to bed to tackle "the grisly job" of typing the book on his "decrepit typewriter" by himself. Sustained by endless roll-ups, pots of coffee, strong tea and the warmth of his paraffin heater, with gales buffeting Barnhill, night and day, he struggled on. By 30 November 1948 it was virtually done.
Now Orwell, the old campaigner, protested to his agent that "it really wasn't worth all this fuss. It's merely that, as it tires me to sit upright for any length of time, I can't type very neatly and can't do many pages a day." Besides, he added, it was "wonderful" what mistakes a professional typist could make, and "in this book there is the difficulty that it contains a lot of neologisms".
The typescript of George Orwell's latest novel reached London in mid December, as promised. Warburg recognised its qualities at once ("amongst the most terrifying books I have ever read") and so did his colleagues. An in-house memo noted "if we can't sell 15 to 20 thousand copies we ought to be shot".
By now Orwell had left Jura and checked into a TB sanitorium high in the Cotswolds. "I ought to have done this two months ago," he told Astor, "but I wanted to get that bloody book finished." Once again Astor stepped in to monitor his friend's treatment but Orwell's specialist was privately pessimistic.
As word of Nineteen Eighty-Four began to circulate, Astor's journalistic instincts kicked in and he began to plan an Observer Profile, a significant accolade but an idea that Orwell contemplated "with a certain alarm". As spring came he was "having haemoptyses" (spitting blood) and "feeling ghastly most of the time" but was able to involve himself in the pre-publication rituals of the novel, registering "quite good notices" with satisfaction. He joked to Astor that it wouldn't surprise him "if you had to change that profile into an obituary".
Nineteen Eighty-Four was published on 8 June 1949 (five days later in the US) and was almost universally recognised as a masterpiece, even by Winston Churchill, who told his doctor that he had read it twice. Orwell's health continued to decline. In October 1949, in his room at University College hospital, he married Sonia Brownell, with David Astor as best man. It was a fleeting moment of happiness; he lingered into the new year of 1950. In the small hours of 21 January he suffered a massive haemorrhage in hospital and died alone.
The news was broadcast on the BBC the next morning. Avril Blair and her nephew, still up on Jura, heard the report on the little battery radio in Barnhill. Richard Blair does not recall whether the day was bright or cold but remembers the shock of the news: his father was dead, aged 46.
David Astor arranged for Orwell's burial in the churchyard at Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire. He lies there now, as Eric Blair, between HH Asquith and a local family of Gypsies.
Orwell's title remains a mystery. Some say he was alluding to the centenary of the Fabian Society, founded in 1884. Others suggest a nod to Jack London's novel The Iron Heel (in which a political movement comes to power in 1984), or perhaps to one of his favourite writer GK Chesterton's story, "The Napoleon of Notting Hill", which is set in 1984.
In his edition of the Collected Works (20 volumes), Peter Davison notes that Orwell's American publisher claimed that the title derived from reversing the date, 1948, though there's no documentary evidence for this. Davison also argues that the date 1984 is linked to the year of Richard Blair's birth, 1944, and notes that in the manuscript of the novel, the narrative occurs, successively, in 1980, 1982 and finally, 1984. There's no mystery about the decision to abandon "The Last Man in Europe". Orwell himself was always unsure of it. It was his publisher, Fred Warburg who suggested that Nineteen Eighty-Four was a more commercial title.
Freedom of speech: How '1984' has entrusted our culture
The effect of Nineteen Eighty-Four on our cultural and linguistic landscape has not been limited to either the film adaptation starring John Hurt and Richard Burton, with its Nazi-esque rallies and chilling soundtrack, nor the earlier one with Michael Redgrave and Edmond O'Brien.
It is likely, however, that many people watching the Big Brother series on television (in the UK, let alone in Angola, Oman or Sweden, or any of the other countries whose TV networks broadcast programmes in the same format) have no idea where the title comes from or that Big Brother himself, whose role in the reality show is mostly to keep the peace between scrapping, swearing contestants like a wise uncle, is not so benign in his original incarnation.
Apart from pop-culture renditions of some of the novel's themes, aspects of its language have been leapt upon by libertarians to describe the curtailment of freedom in the real world by politicians and officials - alarmingly, nowhere and never more often than in contemporary Britain.
Orwellian George owes his own adjective to this book alone and his idea that wellbeing is crushed by restrictive, authoritarian and untruthful government.
Big Brother (is watching you) A term in common usage for a scarily omniscient ruler long before the worldwide smash-hit reality-TV show was even a twinkle in its producers' eyes. The irony of societal hounding of Big Brother contestants would not have been lost on George Orwell.
Room 101 Some hotels have refused to call a guest bedroom number 101 - rather like those tower blocks that don't have a 13th floor - thanks to the ingenious Orwellian concept of a room that contains whatever its occupant finds most impossible to endure. Like Big Brother, this has spawned a modern TV show: in this case, celebrities are invited to name the people or objects they hate most in the world.
Thought Police An accusation often levelled at the current government by those who like it least is that they are trying to tell us what we can and cannot think is right and wrong. People who believe that there are correct ways to think find themselves named after Orwell's enforcement brigade.
Thoughtcrime See "Thought Police" above. The act or fact of transgressing enforced wisdom.
Newspeak For Orwell, freedom of expression was not just about freedom of thought but also linguistic freedom. This term, denoting the narrow and diminishing official vocabulary, has been used ever since to denote jargon currently in vogue with those in power.
Doublethink Hypocrisy, but with a twist. Rather than choosing to disregard a contradiction in your opinion, if you are doublethinking, you are deliberately forgetting that the contradiction is there. This subtlety is mostly overlooked by people using the accusation of "doublethink" when trying to accuse an adversary of being hypocritical - but it is a very popular word with people who like a good debate along with their pints in the pub. Oliver Marre
George Orwellâs Letter on Why He Wrote â1984â
In 1944, three years before writing and five years before publishing 1984, George Orwell penned a letter detailing the thesis of his great novel. The letter, warning of the rise of totalitarian police states that will âsay that two and two are five,â is reprinted from George Orwell: A Life in Letters, edited by Peter Davison and published today by Liveright. Plus, Orwell's advice to Arthur Koestler on how to review books. To Noel Willmett
18 May 1944 10a Mortimer Crescent NW 6
Dear Mr Willmett,
Many thanks for your letter. You ask whether totalitarianism, leader-worship etc. are really on the up-grade and instance the fact that they are not apparently growing in this country and the USA.
I must say I believe, or fear, that taking the world as a whole these things are on the increase. Hitler, no doubt, will soon disappear, but only at the expense of strengthening (a) Stalin, (b) the Anglo-American millionaires and (c) all sorts of petty fuhrersÂ° of the type of de Gaulle. All the national movements everywhere, even those that originate in resistance to German domination, seem to take non-democratic forms, to group themselves round some superhuman fuhrer (Hitler, Stalin, Salazar, Franco, Gandhi, De Valera are all varying examples) and to adopt the theory that the end justifies the means. Everywhere the world movement seems to be in the direction of centralised economies which can be made to âworkâ in an economic sense but which are not democratically organised and which tend to establish a caste system. With this go the horrors of emotional nationalism and a tendency to disbelieve in the existence of objective truth because all the facts have to fit in with the words and prophecies of some infallible fuhrer. Already history has in a sense ceased to exist, ie. there is no such thing as a history of our own times which could be universally accepted, and the exact sciences are endangered as soon as military necessity ceases to keep people up to the mark. Hitler can say that the Jews started the war, and if he survives that will become official history. He canât say that two and two are five, because for the purposes of, say, ballistics they have to make four. But if the sort of world that I am afraid of arrives, a world of two or three great superstates which are unable to conquer one another, two and two could become five if the fuhrer wished it.1 That, so far as I can see, is the direction in which we are actually moving, though, of course, the process is reversible. As to the comparative immunity of Britain and the USA. Whatever the pacifists etc. may say, we have not gone totalitarian yet and this is a very hopeful symptom. I believe very deeply, as I explained in my book The Lion and the Unicorn, in the English people and in their capacity to centralise their economy without destroying freedom in doing so. But one must remember that Britain and the USA havenât been really tried, they havenât known defeat or severe suffering, and there are some bad symptoms to balance the good ones. To begin with there is the general indifference to the decay of democracy. Do you realise, for instance, that no one in England under 26 now has a vote and that so far as one can see the great mass of people of that age donât give a damn for this? Secondly there is the fact that the intellectuals are more totalitarian in outlook than the common people. On the whole the English intelligentsia have opposed Hitler, but only at the price of accepting Stalin. Most of them are perfectly ready for dictatorial methods, secret police, systematic falsification of history2 etc. so long as they feel that it is on âourâ side. Indeed the statement that we havenât a Fascist movement in England largely means that the young, at this moment, look for their fuhrer elsewhere. One canât be sure that that wonât change, nor can one be sure that the common people wonât think ten years hence as the intellectuals do now. I hopeâ3 they wonât, I even trust they wonât, but if so it will be at the cost of a struggle. If one simply proclaims that all is for the best and doesnât point to the sinister symptoms, one is merely helping to bring totalitarianism nearer.
You also ask, if I think the world tendency is towards Fascism, why do I support the war. It is a choice of evilsâI fancy nearly every war is that. I know enough of British imperialism not to like it, but I would support it against Nazism or Japanese imperialism, as the lesser evil. Similarly I would support the USSR against Germany because I think the USSR cannot altogether escape its past and retains enough of the original ideas of the Revolution to make it a more hopeful phenomenon than Nazi Germany. I think, and have thought ever since the war began, in 1936 or thereabouts, that our cause is the better, but we have to keep on making it the better, which involves constant criticism.
Yours sincerely, Geo. Orwell
[XVI, 2471, pp. 190â2; typewritten]
1. and 2. Foreshadowings of Nineteen Eighty-Four.
3. Compare Nineteen Eighty-Four, p. 72, âIf there is hope, wrote Winston, it lies in the proles.â
I can take Kiev in two weeks, Vladimir Putin warns European leaders Photo: REUTERS
By Ben Farmer - Telegraph.co.uk 01 Sep 2014
The Russian president is reported to have boasted his forces could sweep into Kiev in a fortnight if he wanted to as Nato announced it would build a new âspearheadâ rapid reaction force Vladimir Putin has boasted to European leaders that his forces could sweep into Kiev in two weeks if he wanted. The Russian president reportedly made the threat to the European Commission president during talks on the Ukraine crisis. Mr Putin told Jose Manuel Barroso: âIf I want to, I can take Kiev in two weeks,â Italyâs La Repubblica newspaper reported, implying this could be the result if the EU stepped up sanctions against Russia. His comments, relayed by Mr Barroso to colleagues at last weekendâs EU summit, emerged as Nato announced it would build a new âspearheadâ rapid reaction force of up to 4,000 troops that can be flown into eastern Europe in 48 hours to respond to possible Russian aggression. The EUâs new head of foreign policy, Federica Mogherini, also warned there was no military solution to what is now Europeâs biggest crisis in decades. Anders Fogh Rasmussen, secretary general of the alliance, said Nato faced multiple crises on its southern and eastern borders that could erupt at any time. Leaders of the allianceâs 28 members are expected to agree to the new force at this weekâs Nato summit in Wales, and it is likely to include British troops. The spearhead force is part of a package of measures to sharpen up the alliance as it faces crises in Iraq and Ukraine. A senior Nato official said allies would take turns to command the spearhead and many of the arrangements would be in place by the end of the year. Troops would be based in their home countries and come together when necessary. The summit will agree to stockpile supplies in eastern Europe so that equipment and ammunition are waiting for the force when it arrives. The alliance will also boost the number of exercises in the area, so that troops are constantly cycling through it. Mr Rasmussen said the new spearhead force would âtravel light and strike hard if neededâ. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/ukraine/11069070/I-can-take-Kiev-in-two-weeks-Vladimir-Putin-warns-European-leaders.html
Israel does not want peace. Israel created Hamas as a pretext to wage war on the Palestinians. Hamas' rockets are mere peashooters compared to Israel's air force but they provide another excuse to kill Palestinians.
(Editor's Note- I re-post this for its timeliness, but reserve judgement.) From 9/6/11 by David Livingstone (abridged by henrymakow.com)
The Israelis created Hamas. But before we explore why, let's be clear that Israel does not want peace. They want all of Palestine, and their belligerent settlement practices confirm that.
But the Israelis are posturing as being willing to talk "peace", only to actually stall that peace process, so as advance the further colonization of Palestine.
So anything that can be offered as an excuse, will be. The most convenient ploy, presented with the sycophantic assistance of the media, is that of "terrorism".
The masses are naive, and fail to suspect the Machiavellian extremes that certain leaders will resort to. This includes creating a false enemy, in this case, Hamas, whereby the right-wing leadership of the Israelis can point the finger to some "enemy" to blame for supposedly stalling the process.
The West's sponsorship of Islamic terrorism is nothing new. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1924, the British and Americans filled the vacuum by providing their own versions of "Islamic" leaders. This started with the creation of the Muslim Brotherhood through a grant from the British.
Under British sponsorship, the Brotherhood today represents a powerful force in the Islamic world, and is behind almost every act of terror in the name of Islam.
More correctly, the Brotherhood has been a tool shared by numerous Western intelligence agencies, starting with the Nazis, followed by the CIA, but also the Russians, French, Germans and Israelis.
Since the Truman and Eisenhower administrations, the Muslim Brotherhood has been used to rally naive Muslims under the banner of Islam. In the post-war era, the Americans and others have been able to manage the Brotherhood like a rabid dog on a leash to keep the "atheist Communist threat" at bay.
With the collapse of the Cold War however, the Brotherhood has been used as the bogey man which the Americans can chase into the Middle East and Central Asia, starting with Iraq and Afghanistan.
ISRAEL AND HAMAS
Israel's long-standing relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood was instrumental in the founding of an offshoot organization, Hamas.
According to Robert Dreyfuss, author of "Devil's Game: How the United States Helped Unleash Fundamentalist Islam":
"And beginning in 1967 through the late 1980s, Israel helped the Muslim Brotherhood establish itself in the occupied territories. It assisted Ahmed Yassin, the leader of the Brotherhood, in creating Hamas, betting that its Islamist character would weaken the PLO."
According to Charles Freeman, former US ambassador to Saudi Arabia, "Israel started Hamas. It was a project of Shin Bet [Isreali domestic intelligence agency], which had a feeling that they could use it to hem in the PLO."
One aspect of that strategy was the creation of the Village Leagues, over which Yassin and the Brotherhood exercised much influence. Israel trained about 200 members of the Leagues and recruited many paid informers.
New York Times Reporter David Shipler cites the Israeli military governor of Gaza as boasting that Israel expressly financed the fundamentalists against the PLO:
"Politically speaking, Islamic fundamentalists were sometimes regarded as useful to Israel, because they had conflicts with the secular supporters of the PLO. Violence between the two groups erupted occasionally on West Bank university campuses. Israeli military governor of the Gaza Strip, Brigadier General Yitzhak Segev, once told me how he had financed the Islamic movement as a counterweight to the PLO and the Communists. 'The Israeli Government gave me a budget and the military government gives to the mosques,' he said."
As Dreyfuss notes, "during the 1980s, the Muslim Brotherhood in Gaza and the West Bank did not support resistance to the Israeli occupation. Most of its energy went to fighting the PLO, especially its more left-wing factions, on university campuses."
After the Palestinian uprising of 1987, the PLO accused Hamas and Yassin of acting "with the direct support of reactionary Arab regimes... in collusion with the Israeli occupation."
Yasser Arafat complained to an Italian newspaper: "Hamas is a creation of Israel, which at the time of Prime Minister Shamir, gave them money and more than 700 institutions, among them schools, universities and mosques."
Arafat also maintained that Israeli prime minister Rabin admitted to him in the presence of Hosni Mubarak that Israel had supported Hamas.
Essentially, as analyst Ray Hannania pointed out, in "Sharon's Terror Child", published in Counterpunch, "undermining the peace process has always been the real target of Hamas and has played into the political ambitions of Likud. Every time Israeli and Palestinian negotiators appeared ready to take a major step forward achieving peace, an act of Hamas terrorism has scuttled the peace process and pushed the two sides apart."
In "Hamas and the Transformation of Political Islam in Palestine", for Current History, Sara Roy wrote:
"Some analysts maintain that while Hamas leaders are being targeted, Israel is simultaneously pursuing its old strategy of promoting Hamas over the secular nationalist factions as a way of ensuring the ultimate demise of the [Palestinian Authority], and as an effort to extinguish Palestinian nationalism once and for all."
The Muslim Brotherhood, and its many manifestations like Hamas, Al Qaeda and bin Laden, serve as an ever-present and manufactured "terrorist" threat, used constantly as a pretext to justify repressive measures at home and expanded imperialistic objectives abroad.
Because, despite all the rhetoric about the threat of "political Islam", unbeknownst to the general public, the manipulation of the Muslim Brotherhood throughout the world is still a mainstay of American foreign policy.
- See more at: http://henrymakow.com/israelcreatedhamastoavoid.html#sthash.Dkc97Xvg.dpuf